Education and Information Technologies

, Volume 23, Issue 5, pp 1849–1871 | Cite as

The effectiveness of computer and tablet assisted intervention in early childhood students’ understanding of numbers. An empirical study conducted in Greece

  • Stamatios Papadakis
  • Michail Kalogiannakis
  • Nicholas Zaranis


The present study aimed to assess the effect of two different types of digital technologies (computers and tablets) in early childhood students’ understanding of numbers. Three hundred and sixty-five children (mean age in months, M = 62.0, SD = 5.5) from 21 kindergarten classes were randomly assigned to two intervention groups and a business-as-usual control group. The interventions were conducted over 24 half-hour lessons. Data was collected during the 2013–2014 school year using a three-step research procedure. Students’ knowledge about numbers was assessed using the Test of Early Mathematics Ability-3 (TEMA-3). Findings were that (a) both experimental groups significantly outperformed the control group on the posttest, (b) the group that used tablet computers significantly outperformed the group that used personal computers on the posttest, and (c) there was no significant difference between genders on the posttest. Our findings support that computers and especially tablets, when combined with the use of developmentally appropriate software into the children’s daily routines, may provide a substantial contribution to early childhood students’ comprehension of numbers.


Curriculum and pedagogy Media and technology Quantitative research 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CreteGreece
  2. 2.Department of Preschool Education, Faculty of EducationUniversity of CreteCreteGreece

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