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Rathke’s cleft cyst presenting as incomplete cavernous sinus syndrome and disc edema: a case report with literature review

  • Chiung Fang ChangEmail author
  • Yen Ming Chen
Clinical Case Report
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Abstract

Purpose

To report a Rathke’s cleft cyst (RCC) presenting as unilateral incomplete cavernous sinus syndrome and disc edema

Method

Case report with literature review

Results

We present an 18-year-old girl who has been experiencing intermittent binocular diplopia for 1 month. Upon examination, the best corrected visual acuity was 20/20 (OU). Pronounced limitation of ocular motility with ptosis in her right eye was noted. Her pupil constricted normally. However, a relative afferent pupillary defect in the right eye was observed. Fundus examination showed disc edema in the right eye without peripapillary hemorrhage. Moreover, her thyroid function and acetylcholine receptor antibody levels were normal. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 1.6-cm mass at the suprasellar fossa and optic nerve sheath of right eye enhancement. She underwent transsphenoidal surgery, and pus-like formation was noted. Pathological findings were consistent with RCCs. After the cyst was removed, her ocular motility remarkably improved and ptosis subsided.

Conclusion

A case of RCC presenting as multiple cranial nerve palsy was reported. RCCs are benign and usually asymptomatic. Symptomatic RCCs often manifest as headache or visual problems, such as reduced visual acuity and visual field defect. Multiple cranial nerve involvement is uncommon and indicates inflammation or compression of the cavernous sinus and optic nerve. Neuropathy may resolve after surgery; therefore, surgery is indicated for symptomatic RCCs. Further, RCC should be included in the differential diagnosis of patients with disc edema.

Keywords

Rathke’s cleft cyst Disc edema Cavernous sinus syndrome 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Informed consent

Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for publication of this case report, including accompanying images.

Statement of human rights and ethical approval

All procedures involving human participants were conducted in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Statement on the welfare of animals

All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologyMackay Memorial HospitalTaipei CityTaiwan, ROC
  2. 2.Department of Neurology, Fu Jen Catholic University HospitalFu Jen Catholic UniversityNew Taipei CityTaiwan, ROC

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