Diagnosing MELAS requires not only an mtDNA variant but also an appropriate phenotype
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JF contributed to design, literature search, discussion, and first draft, and SZ-M involved in literature search, discussion, and critical comments.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
Statement of human rights
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical Standards with the national Research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Statement on the welfare of animals
No animals were used in this study.
Individual consent was obtained from all individual participants included in this study.
- 2.El-Hattab AW, Almannai M, Scaglia F, MELAS (2001) (updated 2018 Nov 29) In: Adam MP, Ardinger HH, Pagon RA, Wallace SE, Bean LJH, Stephens K, Amemiya A (eds) GeneReviews®. University of Washington, Seattle, WA, 1993–2019. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1233/