Intraperitoneal Treatment of Kisspeptin Suppresses Appetite and Energy Expenditure and Alters Gastrointestinal Hormones in Mice
Kisspeptin is a neuropeptide that plays an integral role in the regulation of energy intake and reproduction by acting centrally on the hypothalamus–pituitary–gonadal axis. Our current study explores for the first time the effects of a pharmacological treatment of intraperitoneal kisspeptin-10 on murine feeding behavior, respirometry parameters, energy balance, and metabolic hormones.
Two groups (n = 16) of age- and sex-matched C57BL/6 wild-type adult mice were individually housed in metabolic cages and intraperitoneally injected with either kisspeptin-10 (2 nmol in 200 µl of saline) (10 µM) or vehicle before the beginning of a dark-phase cycle. Microstructure of feeding and drinking behavior, respirometry gases, respiratory quotient (RQ), total energy expenditure (TEE), metabolic hormones, oral glucose tolerance, and lipid profiles were measured.
Intraperitoneal treatment with kisspeptin-10 caused a significant reduction in food intake, meal frequency, meal size, and eating rate. Kisspeptin-10 significantly decreased TEE during both the dark and light phase cycles, while also increasing the RQ during the dark-phase cycle. In addition, mice injected with kisspeptin-10 had significantly higher plasma levels of insulin (343.8 pg/ml vs. 106.4 pg/ml; p = 0.005), leptin (855.5 pg/ml vs. 173.1 pg/ml; p = 0.02), resistin (9411.1 pg/ml vs. 4116.5 pg/ml; p = 0.001), and HDL (147.6 mg/dl vs 97.1 mg/dl; p = 0.04).
A pharmacological dose of kisspeptin-10 significantly altered metabolism by suppressing food intake, meal size, eating rate, and TEE while increasing the RQ. These changes were linked to increased levels of insulin, leptin, resistin, and HDL. The current results suggest that a peripheral kisspeptin treatment could alter metabolism and energy homeostasis by suppressing appetite, food intake, and fat accumulation.
KeywordsKisspeptin-10 Metabolism Insulin Leptin Resistin
Grant support NIH T32 DK 07180 (TD).
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors have no potential conflict of interest to disclose.
All animal research procedures were approved by the Department of Veterans Affair Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (Protocol #03016-05).
- 10.Kalamatianos T, Grimshaw SE, Poorun R, Hahn JD, Coen CW. Fasting reduces KiSS-1 expression in the anteroventral periventricular nucleus (AVPV): effects of fasting on the expression of KiSS-1 and neuropeptide Y in the AVPV or arcuate nucleus of female rats. J Neuroendocrinol. 2008;20:1089–1097.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar