Personalized Inflammatory Bowel Disease Care Reduced Hospitalizations
Background and Aims
IBD patients with inadequately treated disease often relapse and require hospitalizations for further management. The purpose of this practice review was to determine whether personalized IBD care improved patient outcomes as measured by IBD-related hospitalizations.
A dedicated IBD clinic was created for personalized patient care in a tertiary veterans health care center in 2014. In the first year, the care program consisted of patient-centered medical home (PCMH). In the second year, personalized biologic therapy was incorporated into the program, based on the severity of mucosal barrier dysfunction measured by probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE) analysis of the terminal ileum during colonoscopy. IBD-related hospitalizations during these 2 years were compared to the year before the care program.
The IBD-related admissions at baseline, year 1 and 2 of the program were: total number of admissions of 25, 24, 8 (P = 0.03) per year, total number of hospital days of 177, 144, 31 days per year (P < 0.01), median length of stay 7, 4, and 2 days per visit (P = 0.013), respectively. Patients had significant increases in serum hemoglobin (11.5 ± 2.7, 11.9 ± 2.6, 14.0 ± 1.4 g/dl; P = 0.035), albumin (2.7 ± 0.7, 3.0 ± 0.6 g/dl 3.7 ± 0.8 g/dl; P = 0.031) and body mass index (26.6 ± 2.9, 28.1 ± 5.9; 34.0 ± 10.8; P = 0.047).
Personalized IBD care incorporating a PCMH model and tailored biologic therapy based on pCLE findings of mucosal barrier dysfunction significantly reduced IBD-related hospitalizations.
KeywordsInflammatory bowel disease Medical home Personalized medicine Hospitalization Confocal laser endomicroscopy
Body mass index
Central Arkansas Veterans Healthcare Systems
Inflammatory bowel disease
Institutional Review Board
Probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy
Patient-centered medical home
US Department of Veterans Affairs
The authors would like to thank Peggy Brenner, PhD, ELS (Science Communication Group, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences) for her editorial assistance.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors have no conflicts of interest that are relevant to this manuscript
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