Endoscopy Is Relatively Safe in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke and Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage
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Gastrointestinal hemorrhage (GIH) is reported to occur in 1–8% of patients admitted with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). AIS is considered to be a relative contraindication to GIE.
Evaluate the outcomes of gastrointestinal endoscopy (GIE) in patients hospitalized with AIS and GIH.
Patients hospitalized with AIS and GIH were included from the National Inpatient Sample 2005–2014. Primary outcome measure was in-hospital mortality in patients with AIS and GIH who underwent gastrointestinal endoscopy. Secondary outcomes were (1) resource utilization as measured by length of stay (LOS) and total hospitalization costs and (2) to identify independent predictors of undergoing GIE in patients with AIS and GIH. Confounders were adjusted for by using multivariable regression analysis.
A total of 75,756 hospitalizations were included in the analysis. Using a multivariate analysis, the in-hospital mortality was significantly lower in patients who underwent GIE as compared to those who did not [aOR: 0.4, P < 0.001]. Patients who underwent GIE also had significantly shorter adjusted mean LOS [adjusted mean difference in LOS: 0.587 days, P < 0.001]. Patients with AIS and GIH who did not undergo GIE had significantly higher adjusted total hospitalization costs. [Mean adjusted difference in total hospitalization costs was $5801 (P < 0.001).] Independent predictors of undergoing GIE in this population were male gender, age > 65 years, Asian or Pacific race, hypovolemic shock, need for blood transfusion and admission to urban non-teaching hospital.
Gastrointestinal endoscopy can be safely performed in a substantial number of patients with AIS and GIH.
KeywordsGastrointestinal hemorrhage Acute ischemic stroke Endoscopy Colonoscopy Gastrointestinal bleeding
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
Authors do not have any financial or non-financial disclosure, and there is no conflict of interest.
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