Analysis of China’s Regional Economic Environmental Performance: A Non-radial Multi-objective DEA Approach

  • Tao Ding
  • Zhixiang ZhouEmail author
  • Qianzhi Dai
  • Liang Liang


One of the hot topics is how to achieve more accurate results of economic and environmental efficiency evaluation in China. Previous data envelopment analysis (DEA) literature on environmental performance measurement often follow the concept of non-radial efficiency measure for calculating the performance on resources and economic-environmental factors respectively. This paper proposes a non-radial and multi-objective generalized DEA model for economic-environmental efficiency evaluation. The results illustrate that this model can not only analyze the relationship between DEA efficiency and Pareto optimality of the multi-objective programming problem defined on the production possibility set, but also obtain the performance improvement direction by using the projection of decision making units. Finally, a case on measuring the economic-environmental performance of Chinese provincial regions is employed to indicate that the proposed model can be helpful to promote the accuracy of economic-environmental efficiency evaluation.


Data envelopment analysis (DEA) Undesirable outputs Non-radial Multi-objective 



The authors are grateful to Professor Joe Zhu for his suggestions and comments on earlier versions of the paper. This research is financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (71801068, 71701059, 71471053 and 71828101)


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tao Ding
    • 1
  • Zhixiang Zhou
    • 1
    Email author
  • Qianzhi Dai
    • 1
  • Liang Liang
    • 2
  1. 1.School of EconomicsHefei University of TechnologyHefei CityPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of ManagementHefei University of TechnologyHefei CityPeople’s Republic of China

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