Is globalization linked to low corruption in OECD countries?
The current study examines the combinational effects of globalization, wealth, democracy, political stability, and legal efficiency on the perception of state corruption within 34 members of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (the OECD) countries. Seminal academic literature clearly shows that all these factors can influence corruption within nations and this study focuses on the pathways through which globalization is mediated by unique combinations of other factors that work in tandem through the use of Fuzzy Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis. The analysis of conditions reveals that a high level of globalization is neither sufficient nor necessary condition on its own for low corruption but combines with other conditions in distinct pathways to be sufficient for either high corruption or low corruption among the research cases. Other internal factors appear more clearly associated with corruption, with low legal efficiency as a necessary condition for high corruption, while high democracy and high legal efficiency serving as important necessary conditions for low corruption.”
KeywordsCorruption Globalization OECD nations Qualitative-comparative analysis
- 1.Ades, A., Di Tella, R. (1996). The causes and consequences of corruption. IDS Bulletin 27(2), 6–10.Google Scholar
- 2.Ades, A. and Di Tella, R. (1999). Rents, competition and corruption. The American Economic Review 89(4), 982–993.Google Scholar
- 5.Attila, J. (2013). Globalization and Corruption: New evidence. Oil, Gas and Energy Quarterly, 541–562.Google Scholar
- 6.Badinger, H., & Nindl, E. (2012). Globalization, Inequality, and Corruption, Department of Economics Working Paper Series, 139. Vienna: WU Vienna University of Economics and Business.Google Scholar
- 7.Badinger, H., & Nindl, E. (2014). Globalization, and Corruption Revisited. The World Economy. https://doi.org/10.1111/twec.12156.
- 14.Das, J., & Dirienzo, C. (2009). The Nonlinear Impact of Globalization on Corruption. The International Journal of Business and Finance Research, 3(2), 33–46.Google Scholar
- 15.Dreher, A., Gaston, N., & Martens, P. (2008). Measuring Globalization - Gauging its Consequence. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
- 16.The Economist Intelligence Unit 2013. Democracy Index, available at https://www.eiu.com/topic/democracy-index.
- 19.Girling, J. L. S. (1997). Corruption, Capitalism and Democracy. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- 20.Glynn, P., Kobrin, S. J., & Naim, M. (1997). The Globalization of Corruption. In K. A. Elliott (Ed.), Corruption and the Global Economy (pp. 7–30). Washington: Institute for International Economics.Google Scholar
- 22.Herzfeld, & Weiss. (2003). Corruption and Legal (In) Effectiveness: An Empirical Investigation. European Journal of Political. Economy, 19(3), 621–632.Google Scholar
- 23.Johnston, M. (1997). Public Officials, Private Interests, and Sustainable Democracy: When Politics and Corruption Meet. In K. A. Elliott (Ed.), Corruption and the Global Economy (pp. 61–82). Washington: Institute for International Economics.Google Scholar
- 31.Ragin, C. C. (1987). The Comparative Methods. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
- 32.Ragin, C. C. (2000). Fuzzy-Set Social Science. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- 36.Savin, A. (2003). The Political Economy of Corruption in Transition and the Pressures of Globalization. Romanian Journal of Political Science, 3(1), 148–158.Google Scholar
- 37.Schweitzer, H. (2005). Corruption – its spread and decline. In J. Lambsdorff, M. Taube, & M. Schramm (Eds.), The New Institutional Economics of Corruption (pp. 16–39). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- 38.Sharma, P. (2014). Corruption is a first world problem, too World Economic Forum. Available at: https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2014/11/corruption-is-a-first-world-problem-too/ Accessed 17 Nov 2014.
- 42.Uslaner, E. M. (2005). Trust and corruption. In J. G. Lambsdorff, M. Taube, & M. Schramm (Eds.), The New Institutional Economics of Corruption (pp. 76–92). New York: NY, Routledge.Google Scholar
- 44.Uslaner, E. M., & Badescu, G. (2004). Honesty, Trust, and Legal Norms in the Transition to Democracy: Why Bo Rothstein is Better Able to Explain Sweden than Romania. In J. Kornai, B. Rothstein, S. Rose-Ackerman, & Collegium Budapest (Eds.), Creating Social Trust in Post-Socialist Transition (pp. 31–52). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 45.Warner, C. M. (2007). The Best System Money can Buy: Corruption in the European Union. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
- 46.World Bank. (2012a). The Worldwide Governance Indicators, available at http://info.worldbank.org/governance/wgi/index.aspx#home.
- 47.World Bank. (2012b). World Development Reports: GDP (PPP) Per Capita, available at http://econ.worldbank.org.
- 48.World Economic Forum. (2012). Global Competitive Index, available at http://www.weforum.org/.