Criminal Law Forum

, Volume 30, Issue 2, pp 181–200 | Cite as

The Jeddah Amendment and the Fight Against Wildlife Trafficking

  • Constance GikonyoEmail author


African countries are either suppliers or transit points of the products involved in illicit wildlife dealings. This trade has had and continues to have serious negative impacts on society and the environment. Hence, tackling wildlife trafficking is an important, ongoing and uphill task for the continent. The Jeddah Amendment to the Djibouti Code of Conduct is the latest addition to the framework facilitating tackling the problem. Its precursor the Djibouti Code of Conduct was instrumental in rallying regional countries in addressing maritime piracy. It is hoped that its success will be replicated in handling other illicit activities occurring within the maritime zone. This article reviews relevant literature on the topic including the text of the Jeddah Amendment. For purposes of identifying how the provisions of the code can aid the fight against wildlife trafficking in Africa. Additional to pinpointing loopholes and implementation challenges that may arise. Given the scale and effects of wildlife trafficking, it is necessary to examine the possible contribution that the code will make towards addressing the problem. This may trigger further discussions as well as policy changes and ultimately enhance execution of the code.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of LawUniversity of NairobiNairobiKenya

Personalised recommendations