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Cognitive Therapy and Research

, Volume 43, Issue 5, pp 803–818 | Cite as

Cognitive Moderation of CBT: Disorder-Specific or Transdiagnostic Predictors of Treatment Response

  • Danielle E. Katz
  • Judith M. Laposa
  • Lance L. Hawley
  • Leanne Quigley
  • Neil A. RectorEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Cognitive vulnerability research has focused on cognitive variables that are hypothesized to confer risk to specific disorders within the mood and anxiety spectrum, while transdiagnostic research has emphasized common risk factors across disorders. The purpose of the present study was to test specific versus common cognitive predictors of treatment response across three treatment groups. Participants (N = 373) with major depressive disorder (MDD; N = 187, panic disorder with/without agoraphobia (PD/A; N = 85), and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD; N = 101) completed measures of cognitive vulnerability (performance-oriented dysfunctional attitudes, anxiety sensitivity, and obsessive beliefs) and disorder-specific symptom measures at pre- and post CBT treatment. Based on latent difference score analysis, pre-treatment performance-oriented dysfunctional attitudes alone predicted improvement in depressive symptoms in the MDD group; pre-treatment anxiety sensitivity alone predicted reductions in anxious arousal symptoms in the PD/A group; and pre-treatment obsessive beliefs alone predicted change in OCD symptoms in the OCD group. These findings provide support for disorder-specific cognitive factors in the prediction of CBT treatment outcomes and provide guidance towards ways in which current CBT approaches may benefit from augmentation or adjustment.

Keywords

Anxiety-sensitivity Obsessive beliefs Dysfunctional attitudes Depression Panic disorder Obsessive–compulsive disorder Cognitive behavioural therapy 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

Danielle Katz, Judith Laposa, Lance Hawley, Leanne Quigley, and Neil Rector declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Research Involving Animal Rights

No animal studies were carried out by the authors for this article.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry, Sunnybrook Research InstituteSunnybrook Health Sciences CentreTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Centre for Addiction and Mental HealthTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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