Development of a Picture-Based Measure for “Not Just Right” Experiences Associated with Compulsive Sorting, Ordering, and Arranging

  • Taylor Davine
  • Ivar Snorrason
  • Gregory Berlin
  • Ashleigh M. Harvey
  • Salahadin Lotfi
  • Han-Joo LeeEmail author
Original Article


Many individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder report that obsessional thoughts and compulsive behaviors are often motivated by “not just right” experiences (NJREs). Individuals who experience NJREs often report symptoms related to symmetry, order, and arrangement (SOA). The current study sought to develop a brief picture-based measure of NJREs (PIC-NR10) within the context of SOA. Three independent studies were conducted to assess the psychometric properties of PIC-NR10 and its relationship with existing NJRE questionnaires, obsessive-compulsive-symptom relevant measures, and in vivo behavioral NJRE tasks. Across studies, the results provide promising initial evidence that PIC-NR10 is a psychometrically sound measure of NJREs. Clinical implications and future directions of research are discussed.


“Not just right” experience Incompleteness Obsessive-compulsive disorder 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Taylor Davine, Ivar Snorrason, Gregory Berlin, Ashleigh M. Harvey, Salahadin Lotfi, and Han-Joo Lee declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Informed Consent

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Informed consent was obtained from all individual subjects participating in the study.

Animal Rights

No animal studies were carried out by the authors for this article.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Wisconsin-MilwaukeeMilwaukeeUSA

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