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The Role of Anxiety Sensitivity in the Relationship Between Emotion Dysregulation and Internalizing Psychopathology Among Trauma-Exposed Inpatient Adolescents

  • Emma C. Woodward
  • Andres G. Viana
  • Elizabeth M. Raines
  • Abigail E. Hanna
  • Michael J. Zvolensky
Original Article

Abstract

The present investigation examined the underlying role of anxiety sensitivity and its facets in the association between emotion dysregulation and three of the most prevalent and debilitating symptom classes among trauma-exposed psychiatric inpatient youth: posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, and depression symptoms. Participants (N = 50; 52.0% female; Mage = 15.1 years, SD = .51, range 12–17 years) completed an assessment battery that included measures of emotion dysregulation anxiety sensitivity, PTSD, anxiety, and depression symptoms. Consistent with hypotheses, the global construct of anxiety sensitivity, as well as its mental incapacitation concerns and disease concerns facets, explained, in part, associations between emotion dysregulation and the three symptom classes. The study results provide novel and clinically meaningful findings regarding the potential mechanistic role of anxiety sensitivity in the relation of emotion dysregulation to PTSD and internalizing symptoms among trauma-exposed inpatient adolescents. As such, findings underscore the potential value of targeting anxiety sensitivity in general, and mental incapacitation and disease concerns specifically, as a means of reducing risk for internalizing psychopathology among trauma-exposed inpatient youth.

Keywords

Anxiety sensitivity Emotion regulation Trauma Anxiety Depression Children 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Emma C. Woodward, Andres G. Viana, Elizabeth M. Raines, Abigail E. Hanna and Michael J. Zvolensky declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Animal Rights

No animal studies were carried out by the authors for this article.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emma C. Woodward
    • 1
  • Andres G. Viana
    • 1
    • 2
    • 5
  • Elizabeth M. Raines
    • 1
  • Abigail E. Hanna
    • 1
  • Michael J. Zvolensky
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of HoustonHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Texas Institute of Measurement, Evaluation, and StatisticsUniversity of HoustonHoustonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Behavioral SciencesUniversity of Texas MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA
  4. 4.University of Houston HEALTH InstituteHoustonUSA
  5. 5.Department of PsychologyUniversity of HoustonHoustonUSA

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