An Overview of Consumer Law in Nigeria and Relationship with Laws of Other Countries and Organisations
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There is no single statute dealing with the rights and obligations of parties in relation to products and services in Nigeria. The sector-specific approach is adopted with laws and agencies put in place to regulate specific areas of consumer protection such as food and drugs; energy, telecommunications, product standards, aviation, banking, and financial services. As a former colony of the United Kingdom (UK) , many Nigerian statutes are modelled on English statutes. This historical link is also reflected in the decisions of Nigerian courts which adopt, on persuasive basis, the decisions of the English courts particularly those of the House of Lords. Nigeria belongs to some international, regional, and supranational organisations which influence the consumer law of the country. This paper gives an overview of the Nigerian consumer law with particular reference to product safety, product liability, and telecommunications services and refers to the laws of other countries and organisations where applicable. The paper concludes that Nigeria has, subject to the identified gaps, attained an appreciable level of consumer protection.
KeywordsConsumer protection in Nigeria Product safety Product liability Fundamental breach Telecommunications services
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