Composition of Essential Oil from the Leaves and Stems of Poincianella gardneriana

  • A. S. Alves
  • M. M. de Moraes
  • C. A. G. da CamaraEmail author
  • M. F. A. Lucena

The genus Poincianella (Fabaceae) comprises 35 species distributed predominantly in the Americas and Caribbean [1]. These plants occur in the form of bushes, trees, and shrubs [2].

Among the seven species of the genus found in Brazil, Poincianella gardneriana (Benth.) L.P. Queiroz is endemic to the Caatinga (semi-arid) biome found in the states of Piaui, Ceara, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraiba, Pernambuco, and Bahia [3]. Known locally as catingueira-de-porco, this tree reaches as high as 8 m, preferring sandy soils and altitudes lower than 600 m [3]. P. gardneriana is used in folk medicine for the treatment of mycoses and abdominal pain and as an expectorant [4].

Species of the genus Poincianella are known to produce flavonoids, biflavonoids, phenylpropanoids, chalcone and triterpenes [5]. To the best of our knowledge, however, no phytochemical study has been conducted with P. gardneriana. Continuing our chemical investigation of aromatic plants of the Caatingaof northeastern Brazil, we...


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. S. Alves
    • 1
  • M. M. de Moraes
    • 1
  • C. A. G. da Camara
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. F. A. Lucena
    • 2
  1. 1.Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Departamento de Quimica, Programa de Pos-Graduacao em QuimicaRecifeBrazil
  2. 2.Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Unidade Academica de Ciencias BiologicasPatosBrazil

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