Phenolic Compounds and Hydroxynitrile Glycosides from Roots of Rhodiola recticaulis and R. gelida
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The genus Rhodiola is represented in Tajikistan by seven species, including poorly studied representatives of ser. Oblongae, sect. Chamae-Rhodiola, i.e., R. recticaulis Boriss. [Sedum recticaule (Boriss.) Wendelbo, Crassulaceae] and R. gelida Schrenk ex Fisch. & C. A. Mey. . These perennial rhizomic species occur in alpine meadows and the high-mountain alpine belt of the Pamir-Alai and Tian-Shan ranges  and have been used in folk medicine as the decoction (alchi-chon) for stomach and intestinal ulcers and as an antidepressant for nervous disorders . The chemical composition of R. recticaulis has not been reported. Simple phenolic compounds p-hydroxyacetophenone, tyrosol, and salidroside and flavonoids gelidolin and gelolin were found in R. gelida . In continuation of studies on medicinal plants of Gorno-Badakhshan AO [5, 6], herein results from chemical studies of subterranean organs of R. recticaulis and R. gelida are presented.
Roots of plants were collected in the...
The work was sponsored by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation (Project No. AAAA-A17-117011810037-0).
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