Chemical Constituents of Lepidium sativum Seeds
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The genus Lepidium L. (Brassicaceae) is represented by 234 species worldwide, of which 15 grow in China. It occurs wild everywhere from the Mediterranean and Eastern and Central Asia to North America .
L. sativum (garden cress) is an annual herb that is used in folk medicine for various digestive diseases and in culinary arts. Seeds of the plant exhibit anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial, antifungal, and antitumor activity. Alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenes, sterols, and phenylpropanoids were isolated earlier from this plant .
Seeds of L. sativum were purchased in June 2016 in a medical supermarket in Urumqi (PRC) and were identified by Prof. Ying Feng (Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, AS, PRC, Urumqi). Specimens of seeds (WY02634) were preserved at the Xinjiang Technical Institute of Chemistry and Physics, AS, PRC.
Dried and milled L. sativumseeds (9 kg) were extracted (3×) with EtOH (95%, 1:5). The extract was evaporated to remove the solvent. The EtOH...
The work was sponsored by the Science and Technology Program of Xinjiang-Uyghur Autonomous Region (Grant No. 2016A03005-3), West Light Foundation, AS, PRC (Grant No. 2015-XBQN-B-08), and Central Asian Center of Drug Discovery and Development, AS, PRC.
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