Composition of Volatile Oils from Duranta repens Leaves and Fruits
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Duranta repens L. (syn: Duranta erecta L.; common name: golden dew drop or sky flower) belongs to the family Verbenaceae. D. repens is an evergreen shrub native to tropical America, and it is distributed in most tropical and subtropical regions . The leaves have a very bitter taste. Folkloric claims indicate the use of the fruit as febrifuge and for the treatment of malaria and intestinal worms; the leaves are employed as a cure for abscesses and as insect repellant . The plant has been shown to have some therapeutic activities, such as antithrombin, antioxidant, anticancer, antiviral, larvicidal, and antiplasmodial activities [1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7]. There are some reports on the isolation of phytoconstituents of D. repens [1, 4, 5, 8, 9].
Literature search has proved that D. repens has not been previously studied for its essential oils. As an integral part of our systematic evaluation of the poorly studied aromatic Flora of Nigeria , we report the volatile constituents of D....
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