Composition of Volatile Oils from Duranta repens Leaves and Fruits

  • P. S. Thomas
  • E. E. EssienEmail author
  • R. Ascrizzi
  • G. Flamini

Duranta repens L. (syn: Duranta erecta L.; common name: golden dew drop or sky flower) belongs to the family Verbenaceae. D. repens is an evergreen shrub native to tropical America, and it is distributed in most tropical and subtropical regions [1]. The leaves have a very bitter taste. Folkloric claims indicate the use of the fruit as febrifuge and for the treatment of malaria and intestinal worms; the leaves are employed as a cure for abscesses and as insect repellant [2]. The plant has been shown to have some therapeutic activities, such as antithrombin, antioxidant, anticancer, antiviral, larvicidal, and antiplasmodial activities [1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7]. There are some reports on the isolation of phytoconstituents of D. repens [1, 4, 5, 8, 9].

Literature search has proved that D. repens has not been previously studied for its essential oils. As an integral part of our systematic evaluation of the poorly studied aromatic Flora of Nigeria [10], we report the volatile constituents of D....


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. S. Thomas
    • 1
  • E. E. Essien
    • 2
    Email author
  • R. Ascrizzi
    • 3
  • G. Flamini
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Pharmacognosy and Natural MedicineUniversity of UyoUyoNigeria
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity of UyoUyoNigeria
  3. 3.Dipartmento di FarmaciaUniversity of PisaPisaItaly

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