Implementing Adapted Individual Placement and Support (IPS) Supported Employment for Transition-Age Youth in Texas

  • Deborah Ann CohenEmail author
  • Vanessa Vorhies Klodnick
  • Laura Stevens
  • Marc A. Fagan
  • E-Shawn Spencer
Original Paper


Transition-age youth (TAY, ages 14–26) diagnosed with serious mental health conditions are at high risk for vocational struggles. This paper examines the implementation and process evaluation of Individual Placement and Support (IPS) and Supported Employment enhanced to better meet developmental needs of TAY. Enhancements include the integration of a TAY development focus, engagement best-practices, Supported Education and Peer Support. Community mental health providers participated in a process evaluation to explore the feasibility of a larger scale implementation. Common organizational barriers were encountered across provider sites including: leadership support, agency structures and funding mechanisms; compounded by the complexity of bridging child and adult systems. Findings have implications for both child and adult community mental health providers as they adapt and integrate programming for TAY.


Transition-age youth Supported employment Serious mental health conditions Evidence-based practice adaptations Implementation 



This study was funded by SAMHSA (SM63391).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

Marc Fagan is a Paid Consultant for TIP Stars Training Academy. All other authors declare that they do not have a conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the Ethical Standards of the Institutional and/or National Research Committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was waived from this Project by University of Texas at Austin IRB because the study was considered part of normal quality improvement practices.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Steve Hicks School of Social WorkThe University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA
  2. 2.Thresholds Youth & Young Adult ServicesChicagoUSA

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