Neighborhood Social Cohesion and Serious Psychological Distress Among Brazilian Immigrants in Boston
- 46 Downloads
Recent migrants to the United States face various stressors, including adjustment to new community norms and practices. To ease this transition, migrant groups have traditionally formed enclaves where they might live in close proximity and access institutions designed to serve their cultural interests. For newer migrant groups, such as Brazilians residing in New England, neighborhood social cohesion may therefore be particularly important for buffering against serious psychological distress. We use representative data from the 2007 Boston Metropolitan Immigrant Health and Legal Status Survey to estimate the association of serious psychological distress with neighborhood-level social cohesion among foreign-born Brazilian adults. We find that serious psychological distress is inversely related to neighborhood social cohesion (OR 0.66, 95% CI 0.46, 0.94). Annual earnings were also negatively associated with distress (OR 0.97, 95% CI 0.93, 0.99). Our findings suggest that neighborhood social ties may buffer against serious psychological distress for Brazilian migrants in New England.
KeywordsStress Immigrant legal status Mental health Urban environment Migration
Funding for the 2007 BM-IHLSS was provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Dana Farber/Harvard Cancer Center-UMASS Boston Partnership Grant #5U56CA118635-03, the University of Massachusetts Boston, and the Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts Foundation.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
- Acevedo-Garcia, D., & Lochner, K. A. (2003). Residential segregation and health. In I. Kawachi & L. F. Berkman (Eds.), Neighborhoods and health. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Beard, G. M. (1972 ). American nervousness: Its causes and consequences: A supplement to nervous exhaustion. New York: Arno Press.Google Scholar
- Brown, E. R., Holtby, S., Zahnd, E., & Abbott, G. B. (2005). Community-based participatory research in the california health interview survey. Preventing Chronic Disease: Public Health Research, Practice, and Policy, 2(4), 1–8.Google Scholar
- Carlat, D. J. (2010). Unhinged: The trouble with psychiatry: A doctor’s revelations about a profession in crisis. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
- Cosci, F., Corlando, A., Fornai, E., Pistelli, F., Paoletti, P., & Carrozzi, L. (2009). Nicotine dependence, psychological distress and personality traits as possible predictors of smoking cessation. Results of a double-blind study with nicotine patch. Addictive Behaviors, 34(1), 28–35.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Diffendal, G. (2001). The hard-to-interview in the American community survey. In Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Statistical Association. Retrieved from August 5–9, 2001.Google Scholar
- Echeverría, S., Diez-Roux, A. V., Shea, S., Borrell, L. N., & Jackson, S. (2008). Associations of neighborhood problems and neighborhood social cohesion with mental health and health behaviors: The multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis. Health & Place, 14(4), 853–865. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2008.01.004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Gatrell, A. C. (2002). Geographies of health: An introduction. Malden: Blackwell Publishers.Google Scholar
- Kessler, R. C., Andrews, G., Colpe, L. J., Hiripi, E., Mroczek, D. K., Normand, S.-L. T., … Zavlasky, A. M. (2002). Short screening scales to monitor population prevalences and trends in non-specific psychological distress. Psychological Medicine, 32, 950–976.Google Scholar
- Lazzarino, A. I., Hamer, M., Stamatakis, E., & Steptoe, A. (2013). Low socioeconomic status and psychological distress as synergistic predictors of mortality from stroke and coronary heart disease. Psychosomatic Medicine, 75(3), 311–316. https://doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0b013e3182898e6d.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Marcelli, E. A. (2014). Community-based migrant household probability sampling. In M. B. Schenker, X. Castañeda, & A. Rodriguez-Lainz (Eds.), Migration and health: A research methods handbook. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.Google Scholar
- Marcelli, E. A., Holmes, L. M., Estella, D., da Rocha, F., Granberry, P., & Buxton, O. (2009a). (In)visible (im)migrants: The health and socioeconomic integration of Brazilians in Metropolitan Boston. San Diego, CA: Center for Behavioral and Community Health Studies.Google Scholar
- Marcelli, E. A., Holmes, L. M., Troncoso, M., Granberry, P., & Buxton, O. (2009b). Permanently Temporary? The health and socioeconomic integration of Dominicans in Metropolitan Boston. San Diego, CA: Brazilian Immigration Center.Google Scholar
- Massey, D. S., & Martin, J. A. (2003). The NIS skin color scale. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University.Google Scholar
- May, M., McCarron, P., Stansfeld, S., Ben-Shlomo, Y., Gallacher, J., Yarnell, J., … Ebrahim, S. (2002). Does psychological distress predict the risk of ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack? The Caerphilly Study. Stroke, 33(1), 7–12. https://doi.org/10.1161/hs0102.100529.
- Minkler, M., & Wallerstein, N. (2003). Introduction to community based participatory research. In M. Minkler & N. Wallerstein (Eds.), Community-based participatory research for health (pp. 3–26). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
- Mirowsky, J., & Ross, C. E. (2003a). Basic patterns. In social causes of psychological distress (2nd ed.). New York: Walter de Gruyter Inc.Google Scholar
- Mirowsky, J., & Ross, C. E. (2003b). Measuring psychological well-being and distress. In social causes of psychological distress (2nd ed.). New York: Walter de Gruyter Inc.Google Scholar
- Mirowsky, J., & Ross, C. E. (2003c). Social causes of psychological distress (2nd ed.). New York: Walter de Gruyter Inc.Google Scholar
- Nabi, H., Singh-Manoux, A., Shipley, M., Gimeno, D., Marmot, M. G., & Kivimaki, M. (2008). Do psychological factors affect inflammation and incident coronary heart disease. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, 28(7), 1398–1406. https://doi.org/10.1161/atvbaha.108.167239.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- National Center for Health Statistics. (2018a). Author’s analysis: 2016 National Health Interview Survey. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.Google Scholar
- National Center for Health Statistics. (2018b). Early release of selected estimates based on data from the National Health Interview Survey, January–September 2017: Serious psychological distress. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.Google Scholar
- Puustinen, P., Koponen, H., Kautiainen, H., Mäntyselkä, P., & Vanhala, M. (2011). Psychological distress and C-reactive protein: Do health behaviours and pathophysiological factors modify the association? European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 261(4), 277–284. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00406-010-0134-x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Reeves, W. C., Strine, T. W., Pratt, L. A., Thompson, W., Ahluwalia, I., Dhingra, S. S., … Safran, M. A. (2011). Mental Illness Surveillance among Adults in the United States. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), 60(3), 1–32.Google Scholar
- Rose, G. (1992). The strategy of preventative medicine. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Rosenberg, C. E. (1961). The place of George M. Beard in nineteenth-century psychiatry. Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 36, 245–259.Google Scholar
- Stockdale, S. E., Wells, K. B., Tang, L., Belin, T. R., Zhang, L., & Sherbourne, C. D. (2007). The importance of social context: Neighborhood stressors, stress-buffering mechanisms, and alcohol, drug, and mental health disorders. Social Science and Medicine, 65(9), 1867–1881. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2007.05.045.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- U.S. Census Bureau. (2017). Author’s analysis: 2012–2016 American community survey. Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau.Google Scholar
- Vega, W. A., & Alegria, M. (2002). Latino mental health and treatment in the United States. In M. Aguirre-Molina, C. W. Molinda, & R. E. Zambrana (Eds.), Health issues in the Latino community. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Vega, W. A., & Alegría, M. (2001). Latino mental health and treatment in the United States. In M. Aguirre-Molina, C. W. Molina, & R. E. Zambrana (Eds.), Health issues in the Latino community (pp. 179–208). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
- Watters, E. (2010). Crazy like us: The globalization of the American Psyche. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
- Zabora, J., BrintzenhofeSzoc, K., Curbow, B., Hooker, C., & Piantadosi, S. (2001). The prevalence of psychological distress by cancer site. Psycho-Oncology, 10(1), 19–28. https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1611(200101/02)10:1%3c19:AID-PON501%3e3.0.CO;2-6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Zhao, G., Ford, E., Li, C., Strine, T., Dhingra, S., Berry, J., et al. (2009). Serious psychological distress and its associations with body mass index: Findings from the 2007 behavioral risk factor surveillance system. International Journal of Public Health, 54, 30–36. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-009-0004-3.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar