Immigration and Language Factors Related to Depressive Symptoms and Suicidal Ideation in Asian American Adolescents and Young Adults
- 8 Downloads
This study examined the effects of immigration and language factors on depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation among Asian American adolescents and young adults during three developmental periods. Using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, linear regression and linear probability models were used for the data analyses. A significant group difference was observed in suicidal ideation between Asian American youth who were born in the U.S. and whose families spoke English at home and all other Asian American youth. Differences between ethnic groups were found in the mean scores of depressive symptoms and the probabilities of suicidal ideation between Asian American youth and non-Hispanic white (NHW) youth. The findings of this study reveal mental health disparities between Asian American youth and NHW youth in the U.S. These results emphasize the importance of implementing culturally sensitive mental health interventions for Asian American adolescents and young adults.
KeywordsDepression Suicidal ideation Asian American youth Immigration status English proficiency
- Abdi, H. (2010). Holm’s sequential Bonferroni procedure. In N. Salkind (Ed.), Encyclopedia of research design. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Balis, T., & Postolache, T. T. (2008). Ethnic differences in adolescent suicide in the United States. International Journal of Child Health and Human Development, 1, 281–296.Google Scholar
- Budiman, A., Cilluffo, A., & Ruiz, N. G. (2019). Key facts about Asian origin groups in the U.S. Pew Research Center. https://pewrsr.ch/2EoOpWe.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2017). High school youth risk behavior survey (YRBS): 2017 Results. Retrieved August 9, 2019, from https://nccd.cdc.gov/Youthonline/App.
- Child Trends. (2012). Young adult depression. Retrieved March 3, 2018, from https://childtrendsdatabank.org/?q=node/325.
- Choi, H., Meininger, J. C., & Roberts, R. E. (2006). Ethnic differences in adolescents’ mental distress, social stress, and resources. Adolescence, 41(162), 263–283.Google Scholar
- Delgado, M. Y., Updegraff, K. A., Roosa, M. W., & Umaña-Taylor, A. J. (2011). Discrimination and Mexican-origin adolescents’ adjustment: The moderating roles of adolescents’, mothers’, and fathers’ cultural orientations and values. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 40, 125–139. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-009-9467-z.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Erikson, E. (1968). Identity: Youth and crisis. New York: Norton.Google Scholar
- Forte, A., Trobia, F., Gualtieri, F., Lamis, D. A., Cardamone, G., Giallonardo, V., …, Pompili, M. (2018). Suicide risk among immigrants and ethnic minorities: A literature overview. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15, 1438. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071438.
- Gudino, O. G., Lau, A. S., Yeh, M., McCabe, K. M., & Hough, R. L. (2009). Understanding racial/ethnic disparities in youth mental health services: Do disparities vary by problem type? Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 17, 3–16. https://doi.org/10.1177/1063426608317710.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Harris, K. M. (2013). The Add Health study: Design and accomplishments. Retrieved February 9, 2018, from http://www.cpc.unc.edu/projects/addhealth/data/guides.
- Kann, L., McManus, T., Harris, W. A., Shanklin, S. L., Flint, K. H., Queen, B., …, Ethier, K. A. (2018). Youth risk behavior surveillance—United States, 2017. MMWR Surveillance Summaries, 67(8), 1–114. https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.ss6708a1.
- Kim, S. Y., Wang, Y., Deng, S., Alvarez, R., & Li, J. (2011). Accent, perpetual foreigner stereotype, and perceived discrimination as indirect links between English proficiency and depressive symptoms in Chinese American adolescents. Developmental Psychology, 47(1), 289–301. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0020712.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kisch, J., Leino, E. V., & Silverman, M. M. (2005). Aspects of suicidal behavior, depression, and treatment in college students: Results from the spring 2000 National College Health Assessment Survey. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 35(1), 3–13. https://doi.org/10.1521/suli.22.214.171.124263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kramer, E. J., Kwong, K., Lee, E., & Chung, H. (2002). Cultural factors influencing the mental health of Asian Americans. Western Journal of Medicine, 176(4), 227–231.Google Scholar
- Leong, F. T. L., Leach, M. M., & Gupta, A. (2008). Suicide among Asian Americans: A critical review with research recommendations. In M. Leach & F. Leong (Eds.), Suicide among racial and ethnic minority groups: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 117–141). New York: Routledge/Taylor and Francis.Google Scholar
- Mak, W. W. S., Law, R. W., & Teng, Y. (2011). Cultural model of vulnerability to distress: The role of self-construal and sociotropy on anxiety and depression among Asian Americans and European Americans. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 42(1), 75–88. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022110361713.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2017). Key substance use and mental health indicators in the United States: Results from the 2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (HHS Publication No. SMA 17-5044, NSDUH Series H-52). Rockville, MD: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Retrieved August 10, 2019, from https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
- Tewari, N., & Alvarez, A. (Eds.). (2009). Asian American psychology: Current perspectives. New York: Routledge/Taylor and Francis Group.Google Scholar
- U.S. Census Bureau. (2011). 2010 American community survey 5-year selected population tables, nativity by language spoken at home by ability to speak English for the population 5 years and over. Retrieved March 8, 2018, from, https://factfinder.census.gov.
- Wyatt, L. C., Ung, T., Park, R., Kwon, S. C., & Trinh-Shevrin, C. (2015). Risk factors of suicide and depression among Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander youth: A systematic literature review. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 26(2 Suppl), 191–237. https://doi.org/10.1353/hpu.2015.0059.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Yee, B. W. K., Su, J., Kim, S. Y., & Yancura, L. (2009). Asian American and Pacific Islander families. In N. Tewari & A. N. Alvarez (Eds.), Asian American psychology: Current perspectives (pp. 295–315). New York: Taylor and Francis.Google Scholar
- Zane, N., & Mak, W. (2003). Major approaches to the measurement of acculturation among ethnic minority populations: A content analysis and an alternative empirical strategy. In K. M.Chun, P. B. Organista, & G. Marin (Eds.), Acculturation: Advance in theory, measurement, and applied research (pp. 39–60). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar