Community Mental Health Journal

, Volume 55, Issue 7, pp 1179–1185 | Cite as

Effect of a Mindfulness-Based Intervention Program on Comprehensive Mental Health Problems of Chinese Undergraduates

  • Xianhua LiuEmail author
Original Paper


How best to support mental health of young people is an important public health challenge. More empirical researches are need to examine the relationship between mindfulness-based interventions and mental health in China. The present study reports results from a quasi-experiment following a one-group repeated-measures design which investigated the impact of a standard 8-week mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) program in 81 Chinese undergraduates (14 males, 67 females, age 20.35 ± 1.35 years). Data was collected using the Symptom Check List 90 (SCL90) at baseline, week 3, week 6 and week 8 in order to examine the trajectory of mental health changes during the MBCT training. The repeated measures analysis of variance showed that the decrease was significant in the scores of somatization (F = 13.432, P < 0.01), obsessive–compulsive symptoms (F = 43.954, P < 0.01), interpersonal sensitivity (F = 36.196, P < 0.01), depression (F = 25.914, P < 0.01), anxiety (F = 26.547, P < 0.01), hostility (F = 19.707, P < 0.01), phobic anxiety (F = 21.145, P < 0.01), paranoid ideation (F = 19.857, P < 0.01) and psychoticism (F = 32.833, P < 0.01). The findings from the present study show that a standard MBCT program may have positive impact on reduction in mental health problems in Chinese undergraduates. Further controlled studies with randomized designs are needed to investigate these promising results in more depth.


Mindfulness Mindfulness-based intervention Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy Mental health Undergraduate 



This study was supported by Hunan Provincial Education Sciences Planning of China (Grant No. XJK015AXL001), Hunan Provincial Philosophy and Social Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 16YBA039) and Hunan Provincial Social Science Achievement Review Committee Foundation of China (Grant No. XSP17YBZC006).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that he has no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures followed for the present study were approved by the Ethics Committee of Hengyang Normal University and were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 (5).

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all participants for being included in the study. No identifying information is included in this article.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Educational ScienceHengyang Normal UniversityHengyangPeople’s Republic of China

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