How best to support mental health of young people is an important public health challenge. More empirical researches are need to examine the relationship between mindfulness-based interventions and mental health in China. The present study reports results from a quasi-experiment following a one-group repeated-measures design which investigated the impact of a standard 8-week mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) program in 81 Chinese undergraduates (14 males, 67 females, age 20.35 ± 1.35 years). Data was collected using the Symptom Check List 90 (SCL90) at baseline, week 3, week 6 and week 8 in order to examine the trajectory of mental health changes during the MBCT training. The repeated measures analysis of variance showed that the decrease was significant in the scores of somatization (F = 13.432, P < 0.01), obsessive–compulsive symptoms (F = 43.954, P < 0.01), interpersonal sensitivity (F = 36.196, P < 0.01), depression (F = 25.914, P < 0.01), anxiety (F = 26.547, P < 0.01), hostility (F = 19.707, P < 0.01), phobic anxiety (F = 21.145, P < 0.01), paranoid ideation (F = 19.857, P < 0.01) and psychoticism (F = 32.833, P < 0.01). The findings from the present study show that a standard MBCT program may have positive impact on reduction in mental health problems in Chinese undergraduates. Further controlled studies with randomized designs are needed to investigate these promising results in more depth.
Mindfulness Mindfulness-based intervention Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy Mental health Undergraduate
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This study was supported by Hunan Provincial Education Sciences Planning of China (Grant No. XJK015AXL001), Hunan Provincial Philosophy and Social Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 16YBA039) and Hunan Provincial Social Science Achievement Review Committee Foundation of China (Grant No. XSP17YBZC006).
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that he has no conflict of interest.
All procedures followed for the present study were approved by the Ethics Committee of Hengyang Normal University and were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 (5).
Informed consent was obtained from all participants for being included in the study. No identifying information is included in this article.
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