Community Mental Health Journal

, Volume 55, Issue 4, pp 631–640 | Cite as

Predictors of Mental Health Recovery in Homeless Adults with Mental Illness

  • Nick KermanEmail author
  • John Sylvestre
  • Tim Aubry
  • Jino Distasio
  • Christian G. Schütz
Original Paper


For people with mental illness, experiences of homelessness can complicate mental health recovery processes. This study used longitudinal data from a randomized controlled trial of housing first (HF) to examine predictors of recovery among homeless people with mental illness. Findings showed that health and community predictors were most strongly associated with mental health recovery. Receipt of HF did not have any effect on changes in recovery scores at follow-up. Overall, the findings suggest that interventions aimed at preventing chronic homelessness, strengthening social networks and community involvement, and providing case management services will facilitate mental health recovery.



Financial support for this study was provided to the lead author by Mental Health Research Canada (MHRC). The original trial (registered as ISRCTN42520374) was made possible through a financial contribution from Health Canada provided to the Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC). The authors thank Dr. Jayne Barker (2008–2011), Mr. Cameron Keller (2011–2014), and the MHCC At Home/Chez Soi national project leads; Dr. Paula Goering, the national research lead; the national research team; and the five site research teams, site coordinators, and service and housing providers, as well as the many persons with mental illness who have contributed to this project and the research. Neither the MHCC nor the MHRC had any role in the analysis and interpretation of the data or in the preparation of the manuscript.

Compliance of Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nick Kerman
    • 1
    Email author
  • John Sylvestre
    • 1
  • Tim Aubry
    • 1
  • Jino Distasio
    • 2
  • Christian G. Schütz
    • 3
  1. 1.School of PsychologyUniversity of OttawaOttawaCanada
  2. 2.Institute of Urban StudiesUniverity of WinnipegWinnipegCanada
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

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