Community Mental Health Journal

, Volume 55, Issue 1, pp 144–155 | Cite as

Subjective Well-Being of Afghan Refugees in Pakistan: The Moderating Role of Perceived Control in Married Men

  • Tahira JibeenEmail author
Original Paper


The purpose of this study was to examine the role of perceived control in moderating the effects of acculturative stress on the well-being of first generation Afghan married men refugees (N = 137, 25–50 years) residing in Lahore, Pakistan. The participants completed a survey questionnaire comprising a demographic information sheet, the Multidimensional Acculturative Stress Scale (Jibeen, Khalid, International Journal of Intercultural Relations 34:233–243, 2010), the Cognitive Stress Scale (Cohen et al., Journal of Health and Social Behavior 24:385–396, 1983), the Positive Affect & Negative Affect Schedule (Watson et al., Journal of Personality & Social Psychology 47:1063–1070, 1988), and the Satisfaction with Life Scale (Diener et al., Journal of Personality Assessment 49:1–5, 1985). The results of moderated regression analyses revealed that perceived control can reduce the effect of stressful circumstances on satisfaction with life and increase positive psychological affect. The results could have implications for developing social and clinical therapeutic interventions towards a greater sense of self-determination and positive well-being to improve the refugees’ ability to take control of their lives.


Afghan refugees Acculturative stress Subjective well-being Perceived control Satisfaction with life Negative affect 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologySchool of Social Sciences and HumanitiesLahorePakistan

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