Community Mental Health Journal

, Volume 55, Issue 4, pp 680–685 | Cite as

Italian Investigation on Mental Health Workers’ Attitudes Regarding Personal Recovery From Mental Illness

  • Laura Giusti
  • Donatella Ussorio
  • Anna Salza
  • Maurizio Malavolta
  • Annalisa Aggio
  • Valeria Bianchini
  • Massimo Casacchia
  • Rita RonconeEmail author
Brief Report


This study aimed to investigate attitudes toward personal recovery in a sample of 436 healthcare professionals and students of psychiatric rehabilitation techniques through the Italian version of the recovery knowledge inventory (RKI). The sample in our study showed a good global orientation toward recovery. Statistically significant differences were found among mental health professionals based on gender difference, professional role, and level of experience. Women seemed more inclined to accept users’ decision-making processes, including therapeutic risk-taking. Nurses seemed more cautious in considering the users able to “live beyond their illness”. Professionals with fewer than 15 years of experience had more favorable attitudes and expectations than the more experienced respondents. Students had more optimistic expectations regarding recovery than nurses and social workers. Academic curriculum development for students and training courses for mental health professionals could further improve the homogeneity in attitudes and skills in the support of users’ “unique” recovery processes.


Personal recovery Mental health professionals Mental illness Recovery-oriented services 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, Psychiatric Unit: Trattamenti Riabilitativi Psicosociali, Interventi Precoci, TRIP, Psychosocial Rehabilitation Treatment, Early Interventions University UnitUniversity of L’AquilaL’aquilaItaly

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