Contemporary Family Therapy

, Volume 41, Issue 1, pp 56–67 | Cite as

Development and Validation of Perceived Self-Transformation Scale for the Satir Model

  • Pamela Pui-Yu Leung
  • Way Kwok-Wai LauEmail author
  • Catherine Lai-Ping Chung
Original Paper


The Satir model greatly impacts the thinking and practice of therapists in the field of family therapy. This two-phase study aimed to validate a self-report instrument, the Perceived Self-Transformation Scale, which measures the self-transformation proposed by the Satir model. A panel of expert reviewers evaluated the content validity of the items developed by the authors. Exploratory and confirmatory analyses with 500 Chinese subjects yielded a 17-item scale with four factors, namely, self-connectedness, self-doubt, others-oriented, and openness to share. Concurrent validity of the scale was supported in the second phase of the study where 96 Chinese subjects participated. Results indicated that the scale is a reliable and valid outcome measure for the Satir model. The study can contribute to transforming Virginia Satir’s work into an evidence-based practice.


Counselling Personal growth Satir model Self-transformation Well-being 



The authors wish to thank Dr. John Banmen and Dr Marie Lam for their valuable advice and the staff of the Hong Kong Satir Centre and others who have helped in the various phases of the study for their contributions to the project.


This research was supported by a grant from the Hong Kong Satir Centre for Human Development.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social Work and Social AdministrationThe University of Hong KongHong KongChina
  2. 2.The Hong Kong Society for RehabilitationHong KongChina
  3. 3.Department of Special Education and CounsellingThe Education University of Hong KongHong KongChina

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