Advertisement

Contemporary Family Therapy

, Volume 41, Issue 1, pp 56–67 | Cite as

Development and Validation of Perceived Self-Transformation Scale for the Satir Model

  • Pamela Pui-Yu Leung
  • Way Kwok-Wai LauEmail author
  • Catherine Lai-Ping Chung
Original Paper

Abstract

The Satir model greatly impacts the thinking and practice of therapists in the field of family therapy. This two-phase study aimed to validate a self-report instrument, the Perceived Self-Transformation Scale, which measures the self-transformation proposed by the Satir model. A panel of expert reviewers evaluated the content validity of the items developed by the authors. Exploratory and confirmatory analyses with 500 Chinese subjects yielded a 17-item scale with four factors, namely, self-connectedness, self-doubt, others-oriented, and openness to share. Concurrent validity of the scale was supported in the second phase of the study where 96 Chinese subjects participated. Results indicated that the scale is a reliable and valid outcome measure for the Satir model. The study can contribute to transforming Virginia Satir’s work into an evidence-based practice.

Keywords

Counselling Personal growth Satir model Self-transformation Well-being 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank Dr. John Banmen and Dr Marie Lam for their valuable advice and the staff of the Hong Kong Satir Centre and others who have helped in the various phases of the study for their contributions to the project.

Funding

This research was supported by a grant from the Hong Kong Satir Centre for Human Development.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Banmen, J. (2002). Introduction: Virginia Satir today. Contemporary Family Therapy, 24(1), 3–5.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1014302720012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brothers, B. J. (1991). Virginia Satir: Foundational ideas (Vol. 2). Hove: Psychology Press.Google Scholar
  3. Brubacher, L. (2006). Integrating emotion-focused therapy with the Satir model. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 32(2), 141–153.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-0606.2006.tb01596.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chang, P. (1996). The application of the Satir model of family therapy to the familiesin Hong Kong: A personal reflection. Contemporary Family Therapy, 18(4), 489–505.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02195712.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cheung, G., & Chan, C. (2002). The Satir model and cultural sensitivity: A Hong Kong reflection. Contemporary Family Therapy, 24(1), 199–215.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1014338025464.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ferguson, E., & Cox, T. (1993). Exploratory factor analysis: A users’ guide. International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 1(2), 84–94.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2389.1993.tb00092.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hamid, P. N., & Cheung, S. T. (1996). The development and validation of an index of emotional disposition and mood state: The Chinese Affect Scale. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 56(6), 995–1014.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0013164496056006006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Innes, M. (2002). Satir’s therapeutically oriented educational process: A critical appreciation. Contemporary Family Therapy, 24, 35–56.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1014369504991.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Khoury, B., Sharma, M., Rush, S. E., & Fournier, C. (2015). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for healthy individuals: A meta-analysis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 78(6), 519–528.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2015.03.009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kline, R. B. (2005). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (2nd edn.). New York: Guilford Press.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10705511.2012.687667.Google Scholar
  11. Lee, B. K. (2002). Development of a congruence scale based on the satir model. Contemporary Family Therapy, 24, 217–239.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1014390009534.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Miller, A., & McLendon, J. (2010). Instructor’s manual for Satir family therapy. Retrieved from http://www.psychotherapy.net/data/uploads/5113e4b6b7d5d.pdf.
  13. Ng, S. M., Yau, J. K., Chan, C. L., Chan, C. H., & Ho, D. Y. (2005). The measurement of body-mind-spirit well-being toward multidimensionality and transcultural applicability. Social Work in Health Care, 41(1), 33–52.  https://doi.org/10.1300/J010v41n01_03.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Nichols, M. P., & Schwartz, R. C. (1998). Family therapy: Concepts and methods (4th edn.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.Google Scholar
  15. Nunnally, J. C. (1978). Psychometric theory (2nd edn.). New York: McGraw Hill.Google Scholar
  16. Pan, D., P. J (2000). The effectiveness of structured and semistructured Satir model groups on family relationships with college students in Taiwan. Journal for Specialists in Group Work, 25, 305–318.  https://doi.org/10.1080/01933920008411469.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Pan, P. C., & Goldberg, D. P. (1990). A comparison of the validity of GHQ-12 and CHQ-12 in Chinese primary care patients in Manchester. Psychological Medicine, 20(4), 931–940.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S003329170003662X.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Rasheed, J. M., Rasheed, M. N., & Marley, J. A. (2011). Family therapy: Models and techniques. Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
  19. Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton: Princeton University Press.  https://doi.org/10.1515/9781400876136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Satir, V. (1964). Conjoint family therapy. Palo Alto: Science and Behavior Books.  https://doi.org/10.1093/sw/10.4.119.Google Scholar
  21. Satir, V. (1988). The new peoplemaking. Mountain View: Science and Behavior Books.Google Scholar
  22. Satir, V., & Baldwin, M. (1983). Satir step by step: A guide to creating change in families. Palo Alto: Science and Behavior Books.Google Scholar
  23. Satir, V., Banmen, J., Gerber, J., & Gomori, M. (1991). The Satir model: The family and beyond. Palo Alto: Science and Behavior Books.Google Scholar
  24. Sayles, C. (2002). Transformational change—based on the model of Virginia Satir. Contemporary Family Therapy, 24(1), 93–109.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1014325722738.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Simon, R. (2002). The practices of transformation. Psychotherapy Networker, 26(1), 35–43.Google Scholar
  26. Smith, S. (2002). Transformations in therapeutic practice. Contemporary Family Therapy, 24, 111–128.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1014377706808.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Vohs, K. D., & Finkel, E. J. (2006). Self and relationships: Connecting intrapersonal and interpersonal processes. New York: Guilford Press.  https://doi.org/10.5860/choice.44-1817.Google Scholar
  28. Weinberg, G. M., Bach, J., & Karten, N. (2000). Amplifying your effectiveness: Collected essays. New York: Dorset House Publishing.Google Scholar
  29. Wong, S. S., & Ng, V. (2008). A qualitative and quantitative study of psychotherapists’ congruence in Singapore. Psychotherapy Research, 18, 58–76.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10503300701324654.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Wretman, C. J. (2016). Saving Satir: Contemporary perspectives on the Change Process Model. Social Work, 61(1), 61–68.  https://doi.org/10.1093/sw/swv056.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social Work and Social AdministrationThe University of Hong KongHong KongChina
  2. 2.The Hong Kong Society for RehabilitationHong KongChina
  3. 3.Department of Special Education and CounsellingThe Education University of Hong KongHong KongChina

Personalised recommendations