Reliability and energy efficient workflow scheduling in cloud environment

  • Ritu Garg
  • Mamta Mittal
  • Le Hoang SonEmail author


Cloud data centers consume huge amounts of electrical energy which results in an increased operational cost, decreased system reliability and carbon dioxide footprints. Thus, it is highly important to develop scheduling strategy to reduce energy consumption. Dynamic voltage and frequency scaling (DVFS) has been recognized as an efficient technique for reducing energy consumption. However, there is negative impact of DVFS on the reliability of system as it increases the transient faults during the application execution. Hence, it is essential to address the issue of reliability for mission critical applications. Recent studies on workflow scheduling in distributed environment have not considered reliability while minimizing the energy consumption. In this paper, we propose a new scheduling algorithm called the reliability and energy efficient workflow scheduling algorithm which jointly optimizes lifetime reliability of application and energy consumption and guarantees the user specified QoS constraint. The proposed algorithm works in four phases: priority calculation, clustering of tasks, distribution of target time and assigning the cluster to processing element with appropriate voltage/frequency levels. The simulation results obtained by using randomly generated task graphs and Gaussian Elimination task graphs shows that the proposed approach is effective in joint optimization of lifetime reliability of system and energy consumption compared to existing algorithms.


Workflow scheduling Cloud environments Reliability Energy consumption 



The author (Le Hoang Son) would like to send sincere thanks to Prof. Pham Ky Anh, Prof. Nguyen Huu Dien and all staff members of the Center for High Performance Computing, VNU University of Science for their supports throughout 13 years of establishment (2005–2018).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This research does not involve any human or animal participation. All authors have checked and agreed the submission.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Computer Engineering DepartmentNational Institute of TechnologyKurukshetraIndia
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science & EngineeringG.B. Pant Engineering CollegeNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Institute of Research and DevelopmentDuy Tan UniversityDa NangVietnam
  4. 4.VNU Information Technology InstituteVietnam National UniversityHanoiVietnam

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