Climatic Change

, Volume 146, Issue 1–2, pp 59–74 | Cite as

Native and agricultural forests at risk to a changing climate in the Northern Plains

  • Linda A. JoyceEmail author
  • Gary Bentrup
  • Antony S. Cheng
  • Peter Kolb
  • Michele Schoeneberger
  • Justin Derner


Native and agricultural forests in the Northern Plains provide ecosystem services that benefit human society—diversified agricultural systems, forest-based products, and rural vitality. The impacts of recent trends in temperature and disturbances are impairing the delivery of these services. Climate change projections identify future stressors of greater impact, placing at risk crops, soils, livestock, biodiversity, and agricultural and forest-based livelihoods. While these native and agricultural forests are also a viable option for providing mitigation and adaptation services to the Northern Plains, they themselves must be managed in terms of climate change risks. Because agricultural forests are planted systems, the primary approaches for reducing risks are through design, plant selection and management. For native forests, management, natural disturbances, and collaboration of multiple ownerships will be needed to address key risks.



Kolb has received research grants from NIFA (Renewable Resources Extension Act Funds) and AFRI-CAP grant (Bioenergy Alliance Network of the Rockies—a 5-year grant examining the use of forest residuals/beetle kill for energy sources) and is on the Advisory Board for these organizations: Montana Natural Resources Youth Camp 501c.3, Montana Forest Owners Association 501c.6, and Montana Forest Council 501c.6.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The other authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10584_2017_2070_MOESM1_ESM.docx (19 kb)
Supplementary Table 1 (DOCX 18 kb)
10584_2017_2070_MOESM2_ESM.docx (16 kb)
Supplementary Table 2 (DOCX 15 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht (outside the USA) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Linda A. Joyce
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gary Bentrup
    • 2
  • Antony S. Cheng
    • 3
  • Peter Kolb
    • 4
  • Michele Schoeneberger
    • 2
  • Justin Derner
    • 5
  1. 1.USDA FS Rocky Mountain Research StationFort CollinsUSA
  2. 2.USDA Forest ServiceNational Agroforestry CenterLincolnUSA
  3. 3.Department of Forest and Rangeland StewardshipColorado Forest Restoration Institute, Colorado State UniversityFort CollinsUSA
  4. 4.Forest Ecology and ManagementMontana State UniversityMissoulaUSA
  5. 5.USDA-ARSCheyenneUSA

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