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Climatic Change

, Volume 139, Issue 3–4, pp 623–636 | Cite as

The Stancari air thermometer and the 1715–1737 record in Bologna, Italy

  • Dario Camuffo
  • Antonio della Valle
  • Chiara Bertolin
  • Elena Santorelli
Article

Abstract

This paper is focused on the closed-tube Stancari air thermometer that was developed at the beginning of the eighteenth century as an improvement of the Amontons thermometer, and used to record the temperature in Bologna, Italy, from 1715 to 1737. The problems met with this instrument, its calibration and the building technology in the eighteenth century are discussed in order to correct the record. The used methodological approach constitutes a useful example for other early series. The analysis of this record shows that the temperature in Bologna was not different from the 1961–1990 reference period. This result is in line with the contemporary record taken in Padua, Italy, confirming that this period of the Little Ice Age was not cold in the Mediterranean area.

Keywords

Mercury Eighteenth Century Temperature Threshold Diurnal Temperature Range Building Envelope 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Supplementary material

10584_2016_1797_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (12.6 mb)
Online Resource 1 (PDF 12912 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Research Council of Italy (CNR)Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (ISAC)PaduaItaly
  2. 2.Faculty of Architecture and Fine Art Department of Architectural Design, History and TechnologyNorwegian University of Science and Technology – NTNUTrondheimNorway
  3. 3.National Research Council of Italy (CNR)Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (ISAC)RomeItaly

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