Advertisement

Climatic Change

, Volume 126, Issue 1–2, pp 119–133 | Cite as

Changes in ice phenology characteristics of two Central European steppe lakes from 1926 to 2012 - influences of local weather and large scale oscillation patterns

  • Anna-Maria Soja
  • Károly Kutics
  • Karl Maracek
  • Gábor Molnár
  • Gerhard SojaEmail author
Article

Abstract

Ice cover of the two Central European steppe lakes, Lake Balaton (Hungary) and Lake Neusiedl (Austria/Hungary), is characterized by high interannual variability (mean ice duration ± s.d.: 44 ± 26 days and 73 ± 28 days, respectively). For both lakes, a trend towards shorter ice duration and earlier ice-off can be observed in the 86 and 81 year data records, respectively. For Lake Neusiedl, significant trends for ice-on (+2.3 days decade −1), ice-off ( −1.8 days decade −1) and ice duration ( −3.1 day decade −1) are detected. At Lake Balaton, however, trends for ice-on (0 day decade −1), ice-off ( −0.7 days decade −1) and ice duration ( −1.2 days decade −1) are not significant. The temporal trends have accelerated for Lake Neusiedl in the past 60 years (ice duration −5.6 days decade −1). The variability of the ice parameters has increased during the 80 year observation period for Lake Neusiedl, but not for Lake Balaton. The number of melt-refreeze cycles at Lake Balaton increased at first, but then decreased during the last 20 years at both lakes.

Warming trends in mean surface water temperatures for all seasons are more distinct than temporal trends of mean air temperatures. Increases of winter air temperature by 1 °C are related to an ice-on delay, a decrease in ice duration (Lake Balaton: −12 days °C −1, R2 = 0.72; Lake Neusiedl: −11 day °C −1, R2 = 0.54) and an earlier ice-off. Snow cover, wind speed, and solar radiation are also related to ice dates.

Mediterranean Oscillation and the North Atlantic Oscillation show significant relationships with ice phenology at both lakes whereas the East Atlantic teleconnection pattern only is related to ice characteristics of Lake Neusiedl.

Keywords

North Atlantic Oscillation Surface Water Temperature Teleconnection Pattern East Atlantic Pattern Mediterranean Oscillation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was performed in the frame of the EULAKES project, funded by the Central Europe Program of the EU (project nr. 2CE243P3) and financed by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF). Linguistic improvements by Leigh Burrell are gratefully acknowledged. We highly appreciate the efforts of the editor and anonymous reviewers whose suggestions considerably improved the quality of the manuscript.

Supplementary material

10584_2014_1199_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (141 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 140 kb)
10584_2014_1199_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (100 kb)
ESM 2 (PDF 100 kb)

References

  1. Adrian R, O’Reilly C, Zagarese H et al (2009) Lakes as sentinels of climate change. Limnol Oceanogr 54:2283–2297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Austin, Colman (2007) Lake Superior summer water temperatures are increasing more rapidly than regional air temperatures: a positive ice-albedo feedback. Geophys Res Lett 34, L06604. doi: 10.1029/2006GL029021 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Benson BJ, Magnuson JJ, Jensen OP et al (2012) Extreme events, trends, and variability in Northern Hemisphere lake-ice phenology (1855–2005). Clim Chang 112:299–323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bernhardt J, Engelhardt C, Kirillin G, Matschullat J (2011) Lake ice phenology in Berlin-Brandenburg from 1947–2007: observations and model hindcasts. Clim Chang 112:791–817CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dokulil M, Herzig A (2009) An analysis of long-term winter data on phytoplankton and zooplankton in Neusiedler See, a shallow temperate lake, Austria. Aquat Ecol 43:715–725CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dokulil M, Teubner K, Jagsch A et al (2010) The impact of climate change on lakes in Central Europe. In: George G (ed) The impact of climate change on European lakes, vol 4, 1st edn, Aquatic Ecology Series. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 387–410CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Efremova T, Palshin N (2011) Ice phenomena terms on the water bodies of Northwestern Russia. Rus Meteorol Hydrol 36:559–565CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Elo AR (2006) Long-term modelling of winter ice periods for morphologically different lakes. Nordic Hydrol 37:107–119Google Scholar
  9. EULAKES (2013) http://www.eulakes.eu
  10. Ghanbari RN, Bravo HR, Magnuson JJ, Hyzer WG, Benson BJ (2009) Coherence between lake ice cover, local climate and teleconnections (Lake Mendota, Wisconsin). J Hydrol 374:282–293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hodgkins GA (2013) The importance of record length in estimating the magnitude of climatic changes: an example using 175 years of lake ice-out dates in New England. Clim Chang 119:705–718CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Honti M, Somlyódy L (2009) Stochastic water balance simulation for Lake Balaton (Hungary) under climatic pressure. Water Sci Technol 59:459–465CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hydroinfo (2013) Hungarian National Hydrographical Services http://www.hydroinfo.hu
  14. Jensen OP, Benson BJ, Magnuson JJ et al (2007) Spatial analysis of ice phenology trends across the Laurentian Great Lakes region during a recent warming period. Limnol Oceanogr 52:2013–2026CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kärkäs E (2000) The ice season of Lake Pääjärvi, southern Finland. Geophysica 36:85–94Google Scholar
  16. Kirillin G, Leppäranta M, Terzhevik A et al (2012) Physics of seasonally ice-covered lakes: a review. Aquat Sci 74:659–682CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lei RB, Leppäranta M, Cheng B et al (2012) Changes in ice-season characteristics of a European Arctic lake from 1964 to 2008. Clim Chang 115:725–739CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Leppäranta M (2010) Modelling of formation and decay of lake ice. In: George G (ed) The impact of climate change on European lakes, vol 4, 1st edn, Aquatic Ecology Series. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 63–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Livingstone DM, Adrian R, Blenckner T et al (2010) Lake ice phenology. In: George G (ed) The impact of climate change on European lakes, vol 4, 1st edn, Aquatic Ecology Series. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 51–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Magnuson JJ, Robertson DM, Benson BJ et al (2000) Historical trends in lake and river ice cover in the northern hemisphere. Science 289:1743–1746CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Maheras P, Kutiel H (1999) Spatial and temporal variations in the temperature regime in the Mediterranean and their relationship with circulation during the last century. Int J Climatol 19:745–764CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Marszelewski W, Skowron R (2006) Ice cover as an indicator of winter air temperature changes: case study of the Polish Lowland lakes. Hydrol Sci J 51:336–349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Pociask-Karteczka J, Choinski A (2012) Recent trends in ice cover duration for Lake Morskie Oko (Tatra Mountains, East-Central Europe). Hydrol Res 43:500–506CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Sharma S, Magnuson JJ, Mendoza G et al (2013) Influences of local weather, large-scale climatic drivers, and the ca. 11 year solar cycle on lake ice breakup dates; 1905-2004. Clim Chang 118, 857–870Google Scholar
  25. Soja G, Züger J, Knoflacher M et al (2013) Climate impacts on water balance of a shallow steppe lake in Eastern Austria (Lake Neusiedl). J Hydrol 480:115–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Soja G, Kitzler B, Soja AM (2014) Emissions of greenhouse gases from Lake Neusiedl, a shallow steppe lake in Eastern Austria. Hydrobiol 731:125–138 Google Scholar
  27. Walsh SE, Vavrus SJ, Foley JA et al (1998) Global patterns of lake phenology and climate: model simulations and observations. J Geophys Res 103:28825–28837CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Weyhenmeyer GA, Meili M, Livingstone DM (2004) Nonlinear temperature response of lake ice breakup. Geophys Res Lett 31, L07203. doi: 10.1029/2004GL019530 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Weyhenmeyer GA, Livingstone DM, Meili M et al (2011) Large geographical differences in the sensitivity of ice-covered lakes and rivers in the Northern Hemisphere to temperature changes. Global Change Biol 17:268–275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Yao HX, Rusak JA, Paterson AM et al (2013) The interplay of local and regional factors in generating temporal changes in the ice phenology of Dickie Lake, south-central Ontario, Canada. Inland Waters 3:1–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna-Maria Soja
    • 1
  • Károly Kutics
    • 2
  • Karl Maracek
    • 3
  • Gábor Molnár
    • 4
  • Gerhard Soja
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Health & Environment Department, Environmental Resources & TechnologiesAIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbHTullnAustria
  2. 2.R&D Environmental Consulting and Services llcVeszprémHungary
  3. 3.Office of the Burgenland Provincial Government, Hydrographic ServiceEisenstadtAustria
  4. 4.Lake Balaton Development AgencySiófokHungary

Personalised recommendations