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Child Psychiatry & Human Development

, Volume 50, Issue 6, pp 894–906 | Cite as

Attention to Peer Feedback Through the Eyes of Adolescents with a History of Anxiety and Healthy Adolescents

  • Dana RosenEmail author
  • Rebecca B. Price
  • Cecile D. Ladouceur
  • Greg J. Siegle
  • Emily Hutchinson
  • Eric E. Nelson
  • Laura R. Stroud
  • Erika E. Forbes
  • Neal D. Ryan
  • Ronald E. Dahl
  • Jennifer S. Silk
Original Article
  • 180 Downloads

Abstract

During adolescence, youth may experience heightened attention bias to socially relevant stimuli; however, it is unclear if attention bias toward social threat may be exacerbated for adolescents with a history of anxiety. This study evaluated attentional bias during the Chatroom-Interact task with 25 adolescents with a history of anxiety (18F, Mage = 13.6) and 22 healthy adolescents (13F, Mage = 13.8). In this task, participants received feedback from fictional, virtual peers who either chose them (acceptance) or rejected them (rejection). Overall, participants were faster to orient toward and spent longer time dwelling on their own picture after both rejection and acceptance compared to non-feedback cues. Social feedback was associated with greater pupillary reactivity, an index of cognitive and emotional neural processing, compared to non-feedback cues. During acceptance feedback (but not during rejection feedback), anxious youth displayed greater pupil response compared to healthy youth, suggesting that positive feedback from peers may differentially influence youth with a history of an anxiety disorder.

Keywords

Attention bias Social feedback Pupillometry Adolescent anxiety 

Notes

Funding

This project was supported by National Institute of Mental Health Grants MH091327 & MH080215.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare they have no competing or potential conflicts of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants’ parents and informed assent was obtained from all individual youth participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dana Rosen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rebecca B. Price
    • 2
  • Cecile D. Ladouceur
    • 2
  • Greg J. Siegle
    • 2
  • Emily Hutchinson
    • 1
  • Eric E. Nelson
    • 3
  • Laura R. Stroud
    • 4
  • Erika E. Forbes
    • 2
  • Neal D. Ryan
    • 2
  • Ronald E. Dahl
    • 5
  • Jennifer S. Silk
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  3. 3.Department of Pediatrics, Center for Biobehavioral HealthNationwide Children’s Hospital & Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  4. 4.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of BrownProvidenceUSA
  5. 5.School of Public HealthUniversity of California at BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA

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