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Children’s Emotional Self-Regulation in the Context of Adversity and the Association with Academic Functioning

  • Frédérique Michaud Dumont
  • George M. Tarabulsy
  • Audette Sylvestre
  • Julien VoisinEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

The aims of this study were to study reciprocal interactions between emotion regulation skills, association of these skills with children’s school functioning and how these underlying skills develop in children in the context of adversity. 48 children (mean age = 5 years 8.2 months) were divided into an adversity risk group and a low-risk group. Emotional regulation was assessed via an emotion identification task, a Stroop task and near-infrared spectroscopy. School functioning was documented using the Social Skills Improvement System with parents and teachers. During the Stroop task, there was a difference in the activation of the right Brodmann area 8 in both groups. During the emotion regulation tasks, BA8L and BA9R showed activation and an association with school functioning. These results contribute to the accuracy of cerebral mapping associated with emotion regulation and support its potential contribution in preventive programs aimed at the functioning of children at risk of school difficulties.

Keywords

Emotion regulation School functioning Adversity Near-infrared spectroscopy Executive functions 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, the Fonds de recherche québécois sur la société et la culture and the Centre de recherche universitaire sur les jeunes et les familles. We also thank Jacinthe Bernier, Audrey St-Pierre, Vincent Paquin, Émilie Gontier, Kim Latour and Mélanie St-Laurent for research assistance. Of course, we thank the children and their families for their generous participation.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Université LavalQuebecCanada
  2. 2.Centre interdisciplinaire de recherche en réadaptation et intégration sociale (CIRRIS)QuebecCanada
  3. 3.Centre de recherche universitaire sur les jeunes et les familles (CRUJeF)QuebecCanada

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