Perceived Invalidation in Adolescent Borderline Personality Disorder: An Investigation of Parallel Reports of Caregiver Responses to Negative Emotions
- 164 Downloads
Childhood experiences of emotional invalidation are commonly reported by adults with borderline personality disorder (BPD). This study aimed to compare perceptions of emotional invalidation between adolescents with and adolescents without BPD, and their primary caregivers. Participants were 51 adolescents subdivided into a clinical group of 26 adolescents with BPD and a community-control group of 25 adolescents, each with their primary caregivers. To examine perceptions of invalidation, adolescents and caregivers completed parallel reports assessing caregiver responses to adolescents’ negative emotions. Adolescents with BPD reported more punitive and less supportive responses to their negative emotions than their caregivers. In the control group, by contrast, differences between caregiver and adolescent reports were due to caregivers rating themselves more harshly than did adolescents. Findings demonstrated that adolescents with BPD perceived their caregivers to be relatively less supportive and more invalidating than did adolescents without BPD. Results highlight the importance of adolescents’ subjective experiences of caregiving to enduring borderline psychopathology.
KeywordsPerceived invalidation Borderline personality disorder Adolescence Parenting Parallel reports
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
- 7.Linehan MM (1993) Cognitive-behavioral treatment of borderline personality disorder. Guilford Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 21.Laporte L, Guttman H (2007) Recollections of parental bonding among women with borderline personality disorder as compared with women with anorexia nervosa and a control group. Aust J Psychol 59:132–139Google Scholar
- 45.Zanarini MC (2003) The childhood interview for DSM-IV borderline personality disorder (CI-BPD). McLean Hospital and Harvard Medical School, BelmontGoogle Scholar
- 46.Zanarini MC, Frankenburg FR, Sickel AE, Yong L (1996) The diagnostic interview for DSM-IV personality disorders (DIPD-IV). McLean Hospital, BelmontGoogle Scholar
- 56.Klimes-Dougan B, Brand A, Garside RB (2001) Factor structure, reliability, and validity of an emotion socialization scale. O’Neal C (Chair), Multiple approaches to emotion socialization: Methodology and emotional development. Symposium conducted at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association; San Francisco.Google Scholar
- 57.Magai CM (1996) Emotions as a child self-rating scale. Unpublished measure, Long Island University, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 58.O’Neal CR, Magai C (2005) Do parents respond in different ways when children feel different emotions? The emotional context of parenting. Dev Psychopathol 17:467–487Google Scholar
- 59.Lovibond SH, Lovibond PF (1995) Manual for the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales. Psychology Foundation, SydneyGoogle Scholar
- 62.IBM Corp. (Released 2016) IBM SPSS Statistics for Macintosh, Version 24. IBM Corp., ArmonkGoogle Scholar
- 66.Tabachnick BG, Fidell LS (2007) Using multivariate statistics, 5th edn. Pearson Education, Inc., BostonGoogle Scholar