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Cellulose nanocrystal dye as reinforcement matrix of lipstick for inhibiting color migration

  • Lei Kang
  • Panfeng Chen
  • Bin WangEmail author
  • Jian Jia
  • Jinpeng Li
  • Jinsong ZengEmail author
  • Zheng Cheng
  • Wenhua Gao
  • Jun Xu
  • Kefu Chen
Original Research


Lipstick is a kind of popular cosmetic, which can give the lip a beautiful color and improve its appearance. The problem is that dye molecules would be in contact with the skin, whereas the lipstick made with dyed CNCs (CNC-lipstick) would reduce the contact. Herein, we demonstrated that the deficiency of color migration can be overcome by using the cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) dye to replace conventional dye in the lipstick substrates. The lipstick containing CNC dye (CNC-lipstick) could effectively inhibit the color migration and was easily erased as compared to ordinary lipsticks. The color change on the scoured skin was as high as ΔE* = 30.4 after using red ordinary dye-lipstick for 8 h, and red residue was clearly observed in the texture of the skin. Further cleaned with makeup remover, the color change on the scoured skin was ΔE* = 6.4. Notably, the color change of CNC-lipstick was ΔE* < 5, and only a small amount of red residue could be observed in the texture of the skin. The reduction of color migration from the lipstick to the skin was probably due to the fact that the dye absorbed by the CNC, which slowed down the diffusion rate of dye molecules. Our work paves the way for using CNC dye for inhibiting color migration in the lipstick application.

Graphic abstract

Cellulose nanocrystals were applied to prepare the color easy-cleaned lipstick.


Cellulose nanocrystal dye Reinforcement Inhibition of color migration Lipstick 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31600471), Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province (2019A1515010996), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2019MS085), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (L2190130), and State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper Engineering (201833).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

There are no conflict to declare.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1806 kb)
10570_2019_2827_MOESM2_ESM.avi (4.1 mb)
Supplementary material 2 (AVI 4229 kb)
10570_2019_2827_MOESM3_ESM.avi (3.7 mb)
Supplementary material 3 (AVI 3741 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Plant Fiber Research Center, State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper Engineering, School of Light Industry and EngineeringSouth China University of TechnologyGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Mingshi Technology Co., LtdPananPeople’s Republic of China

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