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Cellulose

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Fabrication of robust superhydrophobic filter paper for oil/water separation based on the combined octadecanoyl chain bonding and polymer grafting via surface-initiated ATRP

  • Kangmin Zhang
  • Miaomiao Wang
  • Mingyuan Wu
  • Qingyun Wu
  • Jiuyi Liu
  • Jianjun Yang
  • Jianan ZhangEmail author
Original Research
  • 20 Downloads

Abstract

Effective separation of oil and water has always been a long-term challenge. Here we introduce a facile and fluorine-free method to fabricate superhydrophobic and superoleophilic filter paper without the decoration of solid particles for robust oil/water separation. After chemically bonding octadecanoyl and α-bromoisobutyryl groups on the surface of filter paper through simultaneous esterification with stearoyl chloride and α-bromoisobutyryl bromide (BiBB) to obtain C18-FP-g-Br, superhydrophobic poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile) (SAN) grafted filter paper (C18-FP-g-SAN) was fabricated via surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization. The obtained C18-FP-g-SAN showed a water contact angle of 153° and achieved a separation efficiency exceeding 98.5% after ten different typical oil/water separation processes due to the synergistically combined contributions of bonded octadecanoyl chain and grafted SAN. C18-FP-g-SAN remained high separation efficiency after 10 cycles of use and treatment with strong acidic or basic solution. The excellent reusability and chemical stability of C18-FP-g-SAN promise its practical applications of continuous oil/water separation and oil spillage cleanup.

Graphic abstract

Keywords

Filter paper Oil/water separation SI-ATRP Superhydrophobicity Superoleophilicity 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was financially supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (51973001), the Major Program of University Natural Science Research Project of Anhui Province (KJ2019ZD01), the Key Projects of Innovation Program for Returned Scholars of Anhui Province (2019LCX006), and the Open fund for Discipline Construction, Institute of Physical Science and Information Technology, Anhui University (Grant No. 201813).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringAnhui UniversityHefeiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Environment-Friendly Polymer MaterialsHefeiPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Institute of Physical Science and Information TechnologyAnhui UniversityHefeiPeople’s Republic of China

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