, Volume 27, Issue 1, pp 401–413 | Cite as

Multifunctional UV-shielding nanocellulose films modified with halloysite nanotubes-zinc oxide nanohybrid

  • Dechao Hu
  • Zhilin ZhangEmail author
  • Maolin Liu
  • Jing Lin
  • Xiaojun Chen
  • Wenshi MaEmail author
Original Research


The design and fabrication of multifunctional UV-shielding materials based on naturally abundant and biodegradable raw materials have far-reaching significance for various practical applications and sustainable development. In the present work, novel multifunctional cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs)/halloysite nanotubes-zinc oxide (HNTs-ZnO) hybrid films with synergic feature of excellent UV-shielding, superhydrophobic properties and thermal stability were firstly fabricated via vacuum-assisted filtration strategy and following hydrophobic modification. The successful immobilization of ZnO nano-protrusions on HNTs surface effectively suppressed the aggregation of ZnO nanoparticles, giving a positive contribution for the UV-shielding performance. Particularly, the CNFs/HNTs-ZnO hybrid films achieved a high UV-blocking efficiency in both UVA (95.7%), UVB (98.7%) and UVC (99.8%). Besides, the filtration membrane template endowed the CNFs/HNTs-ZnO hybrid films with hierarchical rough architecture, and as-fabricated hybrid films presented superhydrophobicity with a contact angle over 155° and simultaneous self-cleaning function. Moreover, the CNFs/HNTs-ZnO hybrid films also displayed an outstanding thermal and UV stability. The findings conceivably indicate that the CNFs/HNTs-ZnO hybrid films provide a versatile way for the development of sustainable multifunctional UV-shielding films and have promising applications in packaging, intelligent windows and other outdoor UV-sensitive materials areas.

Graphic abstract


Nanocellulose UV-shielding Superhydrophobicity Thermal stability HNTs-ZnO Hybrid films 



This work was supported by the Guangdong Province Science and Technology Project (No. 2017A040402005) and Guangdong Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision Science and Technology Project (No. 2017CT30).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no financial or non-financial conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringSouth China University of TechnologyGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Mechanical and Electrical EngineeringGuangdong Engineering PolytechnicGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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