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Production and characterization of dialdehyde cellulose through green and sustainable approach

  • Xugang Dang
  • Peng Liu
  • Mao Yang
  • Hangxia Deng
  • Zhihua ShanEmail author
  • Wenjuan Zhen
Original Research


The objective of this study was to develop the efficient methods for dialdehyde cellulose (DAC) production, in which periodate solution was used as oxidant, and an electrochemically assisted system was applied to achieve green, efficient, low-cost and sustainable oxidization of cellulose. The microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) was pre-treated by alkali or ultrasound, and then oxidized to prepare DAC in the electrolyzer with aqueous solution of sodium periodate. Finally, the DAC was obtained by centrifugation and lyophilization. The prepared DAC materials were characterized by FTIR, XRD and SEM, and analyzed via aldehyde group contents, crystallinity index, water solubility index and water retention value. The introduction of active functional groups promoted cellulose hydration and swelling. Compared to the ultrasound pretreatment, the alkaline pretreatment had a great influence on the water solubility index and water retention value of cellulose. The aldehyde group contents of DAC increased after the MCC was oxidized by sodium periodate in the electrolyzer. Electrochemically assisted oxidation significantly decreased the crystallinity of the DAC, and the surface structure was smooth and soft, which can be attributed to the electrochemically assisted reaction that could regenerate the spent periodate in anode electrolytic chamber. When DAC was prepared under optimal conditions (current density: 0.075 A/cm2, periodate concentration: 0.6 mol/L, reaction time: 30 min), the regeneration efficiency of spent periodate reached about 93.4%.

Graphic abstract


Electrochemical oxidation Periodate oxidation Microcrystalline cellulose Dialdehyde cellulose 



This work was supported by Graduate Student’s Research and Innovation Fund of Sichuan University (2018YJSY087). The authors are also grateful for the Key Laboratory of Leather Chemistry and Engineering (Sichuan University), Ministry of Education for financial aid and machinery equipment that supported the research work.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xugang Dang
    • 1
  • Peng Liu
    • 1
  • Mao Yang
    • 2
  • Hangxia Deng
    • 1
  • Zhihua Shan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Wenjuan Zhen
    • 3
  1. 1.College of Biomass Science and Engineering, National Engineering Laboratory for Clean Technology of Leather Manufacture, The Key Laboratory of Leather Chemistry and EngineeringSichuan UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.School of Light Industry and EngineeringQilu University of Technology (Shandong Academy of Sciences)JinanChina
  3. 3.Department of Sports MedicineChengdu Sport UniversityChengduChina

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