Advertisement

Cellulose

pp 1–11 | Cite as

Chitosan-assisted synthesis of wearable textile electrodes for high-performance electrochemical energy storage

  • Xiaomei He
  • Peng Song
  • Xiaoping ShenEmail author
  • Yiming Sun
  • Zhenyuan Ji
  • Hu Zhou
  • Baolong Li
Original Research

Abstract

Through a facile “dipping and drying” process, reduced graphene oxide, here simply referred to as “graphene”, was successfully coated onto a commercial textile substrate, resulting in a high-performance supercapacitor electrode with excellent flexibility and stretchability. With the assistance of difunctional chitosan (for dispersing and gluing), a high graphene loading amount of 5.5 mg cm−2 was achieved on cotton textile within 10 soaking times. The graphene@cotton-10 had a low sheet resistance of 1.75 Ohm sq−1, which merely increased 0.51 and 0.78 Ohm sq−1 when being bent at 180° and stretched with 100% strain, respectively. In a three-electrode configuration, the areal specific capacitance of the graphene@cotton-10 reached up to 232 mF cm−2 at the current density of 1 mA cm−2, which was superior to most of the carbon@textile flexible electrodes reported so far. The resulting graphene@cotton-10 symmetrical supercapacitor had a decent energy density of 4.38 μWh cm−2 at 5 mW cm−2. Cycling test revealed the supercapacitor had more than 80% retention of its initial capacitance after 5000 cycles at 5 mA cm−2, demonstrating an outstanding long-term durability. Furthermore, the synthesis methodology established in this study is simple, efficient and environment-friendly, which possesses a great potential for large-scale practical applications.

Keywords

Supercapacitor Graphene Textile Flexibility Stretchability 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful for financial support from National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21875091 and 51672114), Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu province (Nos. BK20171295 and BK20161357), and Postgraduate Research & Practice Innovation Program of Jiangsu Province (No. KYCX18_2235).

Supplementary material

10570_2019_2727_MOESM1_ESM.docx (51 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 51 kb)

References

  1. Ahmad I, Kan CW, Yao ZP (2019) Reactive blue-25 dye/TiO2 coated cotton fabrics with self-cleaning and UV blocking properties. Cellulose 26:2821–2832CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bao WY, Xu C, Song F, Wang XL, Wang YZ (2015) Preparation and properties of cellulose/chitosan transparent films. Acta Polym Sin 1:49–56Google Scholar
  3. Bo Y, Zhao YP, Cai ZS, Bahi A, Liu CH, Ko F (2018) Facile synthesis of flexible electrode based on cotton/polypyrrole/multi-walled carbon nanotube composite for supercapacitors. Cellulose 25:4079–4091CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bu YF, Gwon O, Nam G, Jang H, Kim S, Zhong Q, Cho J, Kim G (2017) A highly efficient and robust cation ordered perovskite oxide as a bifunctional catalyst for rechargeable zinc-air batteries. ACS Nano 11:11594–11601CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bu YF, Nam G, Kim S, Choi K, Zhong Q, Lee JH, Qin Y, Cho J, Kim G (2018) A tailored bifunctional electrocatalyst: boosting oxygen reduction/evolution catalysis via electron transfer between N-doped graphene and perovskite oxides. Small 14:1802767CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bu YF, Jang H, Gwon O, Kim SH, Joo SH, Nam G, Kim S, Qin Y, Zhong Q, Kwak SK, Cho J, Kim G (2019) Synergistic interaction of perovskite oxides and N-doped graphene in versatile electrocatalyst. J Mater Chem A 7:2048–2054CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chen GY, Chen T, Hou K, Ma WJ, Tebyetekerwa M, Cheng YH, Weng W, Zhu MF (2018) Robust, hydrophilic graphene/cellulose nanocrystal fiber-based electrode with high capacitive performance and conductivity. Carbon 127:218–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dubal DP, Chodankar NR, Kim DH, Gomez-Romero P (2018) Towards flexible solid-state supercapacitors for smart and wearable electronics. Chem Soc Rev 47:2065–2129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Faraji M, Aydisheh HM (2019) Flexible free-standing polyaniline/graphene/carbon nanotube plastic films with enhanced electrochemical activity for an all-solid-state flexible supercapacitor device. New J Chem 43:4539–4546CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. French AD (2014) Idealized powder diffraction patterns for cellulose polymorphs. Cellulose 21:885–896CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hu LB, Pasta M, La Mantia F, Cui LF, Jeong S, Deshazer HD, Choi JW, Han SM, Cui Y (2010) Stretchable, porous, and conductive energy textiles. Nano Lett 10:708–714CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Huang Y, Tang ZJ, Liu ZX, Wei J, Hu H, Zhi CY (2018) Toward enhancing wearability and fashion of wearable supercapacitor with modified polyurethane artificial leather electrolyte. Nano-Micro Lett 10:38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Jeon H, Jeong MJ, Hong SB, Yang M, Park J, Kim DH, Hwang SY, Choi BG (2018) Facile and fast microwave-assisted fabrication of activated and porous carbon cloth composites with graphene and MnO2 for flexible asymmetric supercapacitors. Electrochim Acta 280:9–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ji ZY, Wang YQ, Yu Q, Shen XP, Li N, Ma HY, Yang J, Wang JH (2017) One-step thermal synthesis of nickel nanoparticles modified graphene sheets for enzymeless glucose detection. J Colloid Interface Sci 506:678–684CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jiang DG, Zhang JZ, Li CW, Yang WR, Liu JQ (2017) A simple and large-scale method to prepare flexible hollow graphene fibers for a high-performance all-solid fiber supercapacitor. New J Chem 41:11792–11799CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jin C, Wang HT, Liu YN, Kang XH, Liu P, Zhang JN, Jin LN, Bian SW, Zhu Q (2018) High-performance yarn electrode materials enhanced by surface modifications of cotton fibers with graphene sheets and polyaniline nanowire arrays for all-solid-state supercapacitors. Electrochim Acta 270:205–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kim D, Keum K, Lee G, Kim D, Lee SS, Ha JS (2017) Flexible, water-proof, wire-type supercapacitors integrated with wire-type UV/NO2 sensors on textiles. Nano Energy 35:199–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kouchachvili L, Yaici W, Entchev E (2018) Hybrid battery/supercapacitor energy storage system for the electric vehicles. J Power Sources 374:237–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Li KD, Zhao T, Wang HF, Zhang S, Deng C (2018a) From 1D nanotube array to 2D nanosheet network on silver-coated textile: new insights into the factors determining the performance of core-shell hierarchical structure for wearable supercapacitors. J Mater Chem A 6:1561–1573CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Li PP, Jin ZY, Peng LL, Zhao F, Xiao D, Jin Y, Yu GH (2018b) Stretchable all-gel-state fiber-shaped supercapacitors enabled by macromolecularly interconnected 3D graphene/nanostructured conductive polymer hydrogels. Adv Mater 30:1800124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Li YZ, Zhang YF, Zhang HR, Xing TL, Chen GQ (2019) A facile approach to prepare a flexible sandwichstructured supercapacitor with rGO-coated cotton fabric as electrodes. RSC Adv 9:4180–4189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Liang X, Long GH, Fu CW, Pang MJ, Xi YL, Li JZ, Han W, Wei GD, Ji Y (2018) High performance all-solid-state flexible supercapacitor for wearable storage device application. Chem Eng J 345:186–195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lin JH, Liang HY, Jia HN, Chen SL, Guo JL, Qi JL, Qu CQ, Cao J, Fei WD, Feng JC (2017) In situ encapsulated Fe3O4 nanosheet arrays with graphene layers as an anode for high-performance asymmetric supercapacitors. J Mater Chem A 5:24594–24601CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lin JH, Jia HN, Liang HY, Chen SL, Cai YF, Qi JL, Qu CQ, Cao J, Fei WD, Feng JC (2018) In situ synthesis of vertical standing nanosized NiO encapsulated in graphene as electrodes for high-performance supercapacitors. Adv Sci 5:1700687CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Liu CH, Cai ZS, Zhao YP, Zhao H, Ge FY (2016) Potentiostatically synthesized flexible polypyrrole/multi-wall carbon nanotube/cotton fabric electrodes for supercapacitors. Cellulose 23:637–648CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Liu W, Song MS, Kong B, Cui Y (2017) Flexible and stretchable energy storage: recent advances and future perspectives. Adv Mater 29:1603436CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Lv ZJ, Zhong Q, Bu YF (2018a) In site growth of crosslinked nickel-cobalt hydroxides@carbon nanotubes composite for a high-performance hybrid supercapacitor. Adv Mater Interfaces 5:1800438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lv ZJ, Zhong Q, Bu YF (2018b) In-situ conversion of rGO/Ni2P composite from GO/Ni-MOF precursor with enhanced electrochemical property. Appl Surf Sci 439:413–419CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Lv JC, Zhou PW, Zhang LP, Zhong Y, Sui XF, Wang BJ, Chen ZZ, Xu H, Mao ZP (2019) High-performance textile electrodes for wearable electronics obtained by an improved in situ polymerization method. Chem Eng J 361:897–907CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Qin S, Seyedin S, Zhang JZ, Wang ZY, Yang FL, Liu YQ, Jun C, Razal JM (2018) Elastic fiber supercapacitors for wearable energy storage. Macromol Rapid Comm 39:1800103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Rouf TB, Kokini JL (2016) Biodegradable biopolymer-graphene nanocomposites. J Mater Sci 51:9915–9945CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Shao F, Bian SW, Zhu Q, Guo MX, Liu S, Peng YH (2016) Fabrication of polyaniline/graphene/polyester textile electrode materials for flexible supercapacitors with high capacitance and cycling stability. Chem Asian J 11:1906–1912CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Song P, Shen XP, He WF, Kong LR, He XM, Ji ZY, Yuan AH, Zhu GX, Li N (2018) Protein-derived nitrogen-doped hierarchically porous carbon as electrode material for supercapacitors. J Mater Sci Mater Electron 29:12206–12215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Song P, Shen XP, He XM, Feng KH, Kong LR, Ji ZY, Zhai LZ, Zhu GX, Zhang DY (2019) Cellulose-derived nitrogen-doped hierarchically porous carbon for high-performance supercapacitors. Cellulose 26:1195–1208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Vlad A, Singh N, Galande C, Ajayan PM (2015) Design considerations for unconventional electrochemical energy storage architectures. Adv Energy Mater 5:1402115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wang CY, Zhang MC, Xia KL, Gong XQ, Wang HM, Yin Z, Guan BL, Zhang YY (2017a) Intrinsically stretchable and conductive textile by a scalable process for elastic wearable electronics. ACS Appl Mater Interface 9:13331–13338CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wang Y, Lai WH, Wang N, Jiang Z, Wang XY, Zou PC, Lin ZY, Fan HJ, Kang FY, Wong CP (2017b) A reduced graphene oxide/mixed-valence manganese oxide composite electrode for tailorable and surface mountable supercapacitors with high capacitance and super-long life. Energy Environ Sci 10:941–949CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Wang N, Sun BL, Zhao P, Yao MQ, Hu WC, Komarneni S (2018) Electrodeposition preparation of NiCo2O4, mesoporous film on ultrafine nickel wire for flexible asymmetric supercapacitors. Chem Eng J 345:31–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Xu LL, Guo MX, Liu S, Bian SW (2015) Graphene/cotton composite fabrics as flexible electrode materials for electrochemical capacitors. RSC Adv 5:25244–25249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Yin HS, Ma Q, Zhou YL, Ai SY, Zhu LS (2010) Electrochemical behavior and voltammetric determination of 4-aminophenol based on graphene-chitosan composite film modified glassy carbon electrode. Electrochim Acta 55:7102–7108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Zang JF, Cao CY, Feng YY, Liu J, Zhao XH (2014) Stretchable and high-performance supercapacitors with crumpled graphene papers. Sci Rep 4:6492CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Zhang HH, Qiao Y, Lu ZS (2016) Fully printed ultraflexible supercapacitor supported by a single-textile substrate. ACS Appl Mater Interface 8:32317–32323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Zhi L, Zhang WL, Dang LQ, Sun J, Shi F, Xu H, Liu ZH, Lei ZB (2018) Holey nickel-cobalt layered double hydroxide thin sheets with ultrahigh areal capacitance. J Power Sources 387:108–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaomei He
    • 1
  • Peng Song
    • 1
  • Xiaoping Shen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yiming Sun
    • 1
  • Zhenyuan Ji
    • 1
  • Hu Zhou
    • 2
  • Baolong Li
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, School of Material Science & EngineeringJiangsu UniversityZhenjiangPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Material Science and EngineeringJiangsu University of Science and TechnologyZhenjiangPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.State and Local Joint Engineering Laboratory for Functional Polymeric Materials, College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials ScienceSoochow UniversitySuzhouPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations