pp 1–11 | Cite as

Development of mechanically durable hydrophobic lanolin/silicone rubber coating on viscose fibers

  • Tawfik A. Khattab
  • Salwa Mowafi
  • Hosam El-SayedEmail author
Original Research


We report on a simple technique for the production of mechanically durable water-repellent layer on viscose fibers via spray-coating of a lanolin-silicon rubber solution in petroleum ether. Depending on the silicon rubber solution concentration, it was achievable to gain surfaces with hierarchical morphology. Extracted lanolin was admixed with a mixture of a room temperature vulcanizing silicon rubber and petroleum ether to afford the silicon rubber-lanolin formulation, which was applied successfully onto viscose fabrics employing spray-coat procedure. The surface characteristics of the spray-coated viscose fibers were studied by scanning electron microscope, energy dispersive X-ray analysis, and static water contact and sliding angle measurements. The alteration in the chemical composition of viscose-treated fabric was studied using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. The wetting behavior was found to be a function of silicon rubber concentration in ether solution affording coatings with high static water contact angle and low sliding angle values. The treated viscose fabric exhibited excellent ultraviolet protection and enhanced hydrophobicity without adverse effect on its inherent physico-mechanical properties. The comfort characteristics of spray-coated viscose fibers were also evaluated by studying their air-permeability and stiffness. The results displayed durable water-repellent properties of the treated viscose, introducing a good opportunity for a large-scale manufacture of water-repellent textiles for a diversity of industrial purposes.


Viscose Lanolin Silicon rubber Spray coating Hydrophobic 



The authors are indebted to the National Research Centre of Egypt for the financial support through Project Number 11070204.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Textile Industries Research Division, Dyeing, Printing, and Textile Auxiliaries DepartmentNational Research CentreCairoEgypt
  2. 2.Textile Industries Research Division, Proteinic and Man-made Fibres DepartmentNational Research CentreCairoEgypt

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