, Volume 26, Issue 17, pp 9295–9309 | Cite as

New method for determining paper surface energy per contact angle

  • Hind El Omari
  • El-houssaine Ablouh
  • François Brouillette
  • Moha Taourirte
  • Ahmed BelfkiraEmail author
Original Research


We propose a new method for determining the surface energy of paper and its components using the contact angle technique. Calendered sheets and model liquids were used in this study. A rapid evolution of the probe/handsheet contact angle with time was observed for all tested conditions. A suitable method for choosing the contact angle and a new model to determine the surface energy and its components is proposed. The total surface energy of paper hansheets (47.2–50.4 mN m−1) and its components (dispersive γd ~ 19–20, polar γp ~ 4–5 and hydrogen bond γh ~ 25–32) are in good agreement with literature data.

Graphic abstract


Fiber Paper Roughness Porosity Contact angle Model Surface energy 



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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hind El Omari
    • 1
  • El-houssaine Ablouh
    • 1
  • François Brouillette
    • 2
  • Moha Taourirte
    • 1
  • Ahmed Belfkira
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratory of Bioorganic and Macromolecular Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and TechnologyCadi Ayyad UniversityMarrakeshMorocco
  2. 2.Innovations Institute in Ecomaterials, Ecoproducts, and EcoEnergies - Biomass Based (I2E3)Université du Québec à Trois-RivièresTrois-RivièresCanada

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