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Cellulose

, Volume 26, Issue 16, pp 8877–8894 | Cite as

Antibacterial, highly hydrophobic and semi transparent Ag/plasma polymer nanocomposite coating on cotton fabric obtained by plasma based co-deposition

  • Muhammad IrfanEmail author
  • Oleksandr Polonskyi
  • Alexander Hinz
  • Chiara Mollea
  • Francesca Bosco
  • Thomas Strunskus
  • Cristina Balagna
  • Sergio Perero
  • Franz Faupel
  • Monica Ferraris
Original Research
  • 203 Downloads

Abstract

This study aims at deposition and characterization of antibacterial, hydrophobic and semitransparent metal/plasma polymer nanocomposite coating, containing Ag nanoparticles, onto cotton fabrics intended to be used in medical applications. The nano composite coatings were obtained via a simple, one step and ecofriendly plasma based co-deposition approach where silver was magnetron sputtered simultaneously with plasma polymerization of hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) monomer. The nanocomposite thin films containing different concentration of silver were deposited either by varying silver sputter rate or thickness of the plasma polymer matrix to obtain a good balance between optical properties of the coated fabric and its long term antibacterial performance. The obtained coatings were investigated in detail with respect to their composition, morphology, optical properties, nanoparticle size distribution, silver ion release efficiency, antibacterial performance, water contact angle and washing stability of the coating. The thickness of the plasma matrix was found to be more important in controlling the release of silver ions as well as affecting the optical properties of the coating. The water contact angle on the coated fabric was up to 145°, close to super hydrophobicity. The coating showed effective antibacterial efficacy against Staphylococcus epidermidis (a Gram positive bacterium) which was present even when fabric was subjected to 10 repeated washing cycles indicating good washing stability of the coating.

Keywords

Plasma polymerization Sputtering Silver nanoparticles Plasma polymer Optical properties Silver ion release properties 

Notes

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Irfan
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Oleksandr Polonskyi
    • 2
  • Alexander Hinz
    • 2
  • Chiara Mollea
    • 1
  • Francesca Bosco
    • 1
  • Thomas Strunskus
    • 2
  • Cristina Balagna
    • 1
  • Sergio Perero
    • 1
  • Franz Faupel
    • 2
  • Monica Ferraris
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied Science and TechnologyPolitecnico di TorinoTurinItaly
  2. 2.Chair for Multicomponent Materials, Faculty of EngineeringKiel UniversityKielGermany
  3. 3.Department of Materials and TestingNational Textile UniversityFaisalabadPakistan

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