, Volume 26, Issue 13–14, pp 8059–8071 | Cite as

Synthesis of Ru nanoparticles with hydroxyethyl cellulose as stabilizer for high-efficiency reduction of α-pinene

  • Congxia Xie
  • Li Qu
  • Hailong YuEmail author
  • Fengli Yu
  • Bing Yuan
  • Shitao Yu
  • Shuangxi Nie
Original Research


Ruthenium (Ru) nanoparticles synthesized using hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC-Ru) were used to hydrogenate α-pinene in an aqueous medium. The results showed that HEC had a good dispersion effect on Ru nanoparticles and most of the particle sizes were ranged from 4 to 6 nm. The micelles formed with HEC appeared to act as “microreactors” in which the Ru nanoparticles had good stability and uniform distribution. In addition, α-pinene was loaded into the HEC micelles through hydrophobic interaction, resulting in good contact with Ru nanoparticles. Thereby, HEC-Ru nanoparticles significantly improved the hydrogenation of α-pinene, and 99.6% of α-pinene conversion and 98.6% of cis-pinane selectivity were obtained. Compared with the Pd/C, Ru/H2O, and HEC-Ru/ethanol catalyst systems, the HEC-Ru/H2O system had the maximum α-pinene conversion. In addition, considerable α-pinene conversion could be obtained after 10 times reuse with no fresh addition.

Graphic abstract


Hydroxyethyl cellulose Ru nanoparticles α-Pinene Hydrogenation 



This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31270615 and 31800500), the Key R&D project of Shandong (2018GSF121031, 2017GGX40106 and 2017GGX70102), the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province (ZR2019BC043), the Taishan Scholar Program of Shandong (ts201511033), and the Open Project of Guangxi Key Laboratory of Clean Pulp & Papermaking and Pollution Control (KF201802-5).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have declared that no conflict of interests exist.

Supplementary material

10570_2019_2656_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.1 mb)
Supplementary file1 (DOCX 1081 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory Base of Eco-Chemical EngineeringQingdao University of Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Guangxi Key Laboratory of Clean Pulp and Papermaking and Pollution Control, College of Light Industry and Food EngineeringGuangxi UniversityNanningChina

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