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Impact of modifying conventional chlorine dioxide stage to hot chlorine dioxide during rice straw pulp bleaching on pulp, paper and effluent characteristics

  • Daljeet Kaur
  • Nishi K. BhardwajEmail author
  • Rajesh Kumar Lohchab
Original Research


Paper industry being a mature mega-scale industry is focusing on process oriented technical modifications to reduce dependency on wood fibers and resource utilization. In this research study, conventional chlorine dioxide (D0) bleaching method was modified to hot chlorine dioxide (DHT) with an aim of reducing the effluent load with special concern to chlorolignin compounds. These compounds were measured by gas chromatograph equipped with ECD detector. The chlorophenols, chlorocatechols, chloroguaiacols, chlorovanillins, chlorosyringols and bromophenols were reduced by 9%, 50%, 34%, 47%, 17% and 31%, respectively under DHT based sequence at same dose of chemicals. The general environmental parameters i.e. COD, BOD, TS, colour, lignin and AOX also got reduced in DHT based sequence. The modification of D0 to DHT was found to be effective as effluent quality was enhanced without compromising the optical and strength properties of cellulosic paper even at low dose of chlorine dioxide.


Rice straw Bleaching Chlorine dioxide Effluent Chlorolignin compound 



The authors acknowledge the Ministry of Minority Affairs (India) and University Grants Commission (India) (Grant No. F-17.1/2013-14/MANF/2013-14/SIK/HAR/22981) for providing the financial support under Maulana Azad National Fellowship for Minority Students to first author. The first author is highly thankful to Director, Avantha Centre for Industrial Research and Development for allowing to carry out research work and also to the Department of Environmental Science and Engg, Guru Jambeshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar (India).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daljeet Kaur
    • 1
    • 2
  • Nishi K. Bhardwaj
    • 2
    Email author
  • Rajesh Kumar Lohchab
    • 2
  1. 1.Avantha Centre for Industrial Research and DevelopmentYamuna NagarIndia
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Science and EngineeringGuru Jambheshwar University of Science and TechnologyHisarIndia

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