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Recent progress in bio-based aerogel absorbents for oil/water separation

  • Wen-Jie Yang
  • Anthony Chun Yin Yuen
  • Ao Li
  • Bo Lin
  • Timothy Bo Yuan Chen
  • Wei YangEmail author
  • Hong-Dian Lu
  • Guan Heng Yeoh
Review Paper


Crude oil leakage from tankers, offshore platforms, drilling rigs and wells, causing severe pollution to the environment has led to irreversible damage to ocean habitat and inhabitants. It has become one of the greatest global environmental concerns which has recently attracted major public awareness. In addition, the contamination of sea and inhabitants. It has significantly harmed the fishing and seafood industry, and even raises health and life issues for millions of human beings. Until now, there is still no viable and practical method to effectively reduce the damage from crude oil spill. This has attracted numerous researchers’ attention. For developing an environmentally friendly and cost-effective polymer absorbent for oil spill cleaning. Recently, among all the efforts, it is proven that biomass aerogel can be used as an outstanding absorbent for oil–water separation, which is a feasible solution for tackling the crude oil issue. In this article, a comprehensive review on the current state-of-art for biomass-based aerogels utilised in the field of oil/water separation is provided. This includes the preparation procedures, fabrication processes, and the categorisation of various types of aerogels. Additionally, the future direction and technological advancement will be discussed in detail.

Graphic abstract


Bio-based aerogel Carbon-based aerogel Oil/water separation Cellulose Chitosan 



The work was financially supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (51403048 and 51276054), Talent Scientific Research Foundation of Hefei University (16-17RC07) and Australian Research Council Industrial Training Transformation Centre (ARC IC170100032).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Materials EngineeringHefei UniversityHefeiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Mechanical and Manufacturing EngineeringUniversity of New South WalesSydneyAustralia
  3. 3.College of Chemical EngineeringNanjing Tech UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China

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