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Suitability of chitosan nanoparticles as cryoprotectant on shelf life of restructured fish surimi during chilled storage

  • Sawssen HajjiEmail author
  • Marwa Hamdi
  • Sami Boufi
  • Suming Li
  • Moncef Nasri
Original Research


The present study investigated chitosan nanoparticle (CS-TPP NPs) preparation by ionic gelation process with chitosan (CS) and tripolyphosphate (TPP). The structural characterization of nanoparticles was studied using Dynamic Light Scattering, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) and X-Ray Diffraction spectroscopies. FTIR spectra confirmed that the tripolyphosphoric groups of TPP linked with ammonium groups of CS in the prepared nanoparticles. CS-TPP NPs exhibited higher antioxidant activity and an interesting antimicrobial potential. In fact, there was no report available in literature on using CS nanoparticles for the surimi preservation. Further, data revealed that nanoparticle incorporation in fish surimi effectively inhibited thiobarbituric acid substances and conjugated dienes formation, and thereby, retarding lipid oxidation. Results showed that CS-TPP NPs were able to hinder fish surimi myoglobin oxidation with a significant improvement in the transformation of Heme iron. In addition, CS nanoparticles exhibited a distinguishable antimicrobial activity in the stored surimi during cold storage of 9 days. Thus, nanoparticles could be used as a natural ingredient to prevent lipid oxidation in surimi based food systems for the development of novel healthy fish products and addresses consumer demands for functional fish products.


Chitosan nanoparticle preparation Structural characterization Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities Surimi preservation 



This work was supported by Grants from Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research of Tunisia.


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sawssen Hajji
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marwa Hamdi
    • 1
  • Sami Boufi
    • 2
  • Suming Li
    • 3
  • Moncef Nasri
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Enzyme Engineering and Microbiology, National School of Engineering of SfaxUniversity of SfaxSfaxTunisia
  2. 2.Faculty of Science of Sfax, LMSEUniversity of SfaxSfaxTunisia
  3. 3.European Institute of Membranes, UMR CNRS 5635University of MontpellierMontpellier Cedex 5France

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