Mussel-inspired construction of multifunctional cotton fabric with superhydrophobicity, conductivity and antibacterial activity
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Using a facile strategy to fabricate multifunctional cotton fabrics with superhydrophobicity, conductivity and antibacterial activity is an important and urgent issue in the development of natural fabrics. Herein, a new type of cotton fabric, denoted as Cot@PDA/Ag/NDM, has been fabricated utilizing mussel-inspired polydopamine (PDA) chemistry, followed by electroless Ag plating and n-dodecyl mercaptan (NDM) self-assembly. The influence of dopamine (DA) and AgNO3 concentration on the surface morphology and conductivity, as well as NDM treatment time on the surface wettability of the fabric is systematically investigated. Cot@PDA/Ag/NDM not only exhibits superhydrophobicity with water contact angle of 155.9 ± 1°, but also possesses excellent self-cleaning and antifouling properties. In addition, the fabric has a highly conductive surface with sheet resistance as low as 10.2 Ω cm, and shows outstanding mechanical properties and antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus.
KeywordsCotton Dopamine Conductivity Superhydrophobicity Antibacterial activity
The authors acknowledge the financial support by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. SWU117007 and SWU117028).