, Volume 26, Issue 10, pp 6365–6378 | Cite as

Sol–gel finishing of bamboo fabric with nanoparticles for water repellency, soil release and UV resistant characteristics

  • Abdul Khalique Jhatial
  • Awais KhatriEmail author
  • Shamshad Ali
  • Aijaz Ahmed Babar
Original Research


This research work reports on the preparation of a durable hydrophobic bamboo knitted fabric with multifunctional properties using sol–gel coating method. The titania nanoparticles (TNPs) and silica nanoparticles (SNPs) composite sols were made using citric acid as cross-linking agent. The bamboo knitted fabric was functionalized by the dip-pad-dry-pad-cure method. Different ratios of TNPs and SNPs were made. All process and solution parameters of sol–gel coating method were optimized to achieve the desired fabric properties. ATR-FTIR spectroscopy, EDS and SEM analysis were carried out to characterize the untreated and sol–gel coated bamboo knitted fabrics. The hydrophobicity, soil release, UV resistance and wash-durability of bamboo knitted fabrics functionalized with NPs (nanoparticles) were measured. The results revealed that the sol–gel coating of TNPs and SNPs on bamboo fabric was durable up to five industrial washes. Moreover, air permeability and fabric handle did not change after sol–gel finishing indicating that the fabric inherent comfort remained unaffected.

Graphic abstract


Bamboo knitted fabric Sol–gel finishing Titania nanoparticles Silica nanoparticles Hydrophobicity UV resistance Soil release 





Titania nanoparticles


Silica nanoparticles


Sodium hypophosphite


Citric acid






Water contact angle


American Association of Textile Chemist and Colorists


Organization for International Standardization


American Standards for Testing Materials


Scanning electron microscopy



We are thankful to the Mehran University of Engineering and Technology Jamshoro Sindh Pakistan.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Textile EngineeringMehran University of Engineering and TechnologyJamshoroPakistan
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory for Modification of Chemical Fibres and Polymer Materials, College of Material Science and EngineeringDonghua UniversityShanghaiChina

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