, Volume 26, Issue 10, pp 6201–6213 | Cite as

Effects of graft architecture on cellulose-based ordered porous film prepared by breath figures

  • Wenyong LiuEmail author
  • Huanyu Zhong
  • Zhihan Zhou
  • Junhua Shi
  • ChunTao Li
  • Yi Chen
  • Yuehui He
  • Yuejun Liu
  • Guangsheng ZengEmail author
Original Research


It is well known that molecular structure has great influence on the porous structure prepared by breath figures. However, the effect of graft architecture on porous structure from graft copolymer is unclear. Here, the cellulose-based graft copolymers with different graft architectures were synthesized and the highly ordered porous films were facilely prepared by breath figure method. The effects of graft architecture with four different structural parameters on porous structure were systematically investigated. It was found that the pore size increased with the increasing graft chain length, main chain length or molecular weight, while the pore size decreased with the increasing graft density under other similar structural parameters. The shorter main chain and the higher graft density resulted in the smaller pore size. Moreover, the shorter main chain was more beneficial for the formation of highly ordered porous structure than the longer main chain. These results will help to understand the effect of graft architecture on porous structure and regulate pore size by adjusting the graft architecture.


Ordered porous film Graft architecture Cellulose-based graft copolymer Breath figures 



The work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21104017) China Scholarship Council (File No. 201708430086), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2016M592444), Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province (No. 2018JJ2088), Hunan Key Research and Development Plan (No. 2016SK2077) and Research Foundation of Hunan Education Bureau (No. 15k034).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wenyong Liu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  • Huanyu Zhong
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhihan Zhou
    • 1
    • 2
  • Junhua Shi
    • 1
    • 2
  • ChunTao Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yi Chen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yuehui He
    • 3
  • Yuejun Liu
    • 2
  • Guangsheng Zeng
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Hunan Key Laboratory of Biomass Fiber Functional Materials, Hunan Key Laboratory of Comprehensive Utilization of Agricultural and Animal Husbandry Waste Resources, Hunan International Scientific and Technological Innovation Cooperation Base of Biomass Fiber Materials and ApplicationHunan University of TechnologyZhuzhouChina
  2. 2.National and Local Joint Engineering Research Center of Advanced Packaging Materials Research and Development Technology, Hunan Key Laboratory of Advanced Packaging Materials and Technology, College of Packaging and Material EngineeringHunan University of TechnologyZhuzhouChina
  3. 3.Powder Metallurgy Research InstituteCentral South UniversityChangshaChina
  4. 4.Department of Polymer Materials and Engineering, College of Packaging and Material EngineeringHunan University of TechnologyZhuzhouChina

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