Advertisement

Cellulose

, Volume 26, Issue 10, pp 6201–6213 | Cite as

Effects of graft architecture on cellulose-based ordered porous film prepared by breath figures

  • Wenyong LiuEmail author
  • Huanyu Zhong
  • Zhihan Zhou
  • Junhua Shi
  • ChunTao Li
  • Yi Chen
  • Yuehui He
  • Yuejun Liu
  • Guangsheng ZengEmail author
Original Research
  • 14 Downloads

Abstract

It is well known that molecular structure has great influence on the porous structure prepared by breath figures. However, the effect of graft architecture on porous structure from graft copolymer is unclear. Here, the cellulose-based graft copolymers with different graft architectures were synthesized and the highly ordered porous films were facilely prepared by breath figure method. The effects of graft architecture with four different structural parameters on porous structure were systematically investigated. It was found that the pore size increased with the increasing graft chain length, main chain length or molecular weight, while the pore size decreased with the increasing graft density under other similar structural parameters. The shorter main chain and the higher graft density resulted in the smaller pore size. Moreover, the shorter main chain was more beneficial for the formation of highly ordered porous structure than the longer main chain. These results will help to understand the effect of graft architecture on porous structure and regulate pore size by adjusting the graft architecture.

Keywords

Ordered porous film Graft architecture Cellulose-based graft copolymer Breath figures 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21104017) China Scholarship Council (File No. 201708430086), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2016M592444), Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province (No. 2018JJ2088), Hunan Key Research and Development Plan (No. 2016SK2077) and Research Foundation of Hunan Education Bureau (No. 15k034).

References

  1. Bai H, Du C, Zhang A, Li L (2013) Breath figure arrays: unconventional fabrications, functionalizations, and applications. Angew Chem Int Ed 52:12240–12255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Blaschke J, Lapp T, Hof B, Vollmer J (2012) Breath figures: nucleation, growth, coalescence, and the size distribution of droplets. Phys Rev Lett 109:068701CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bormashenko E, Balter S, Aurbach D (2012) On the nature of the breath figures self-assembly in evaporated polymer solutions: revisiting physical factors governing the patterning. Macromol Chem Phys 213:1742–1747CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bunz UHF (2006) Breath figures as a dynamic templating method for polymers and nanomaterials. Adv Mater 18:973–989CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cao Z et al (2016) A facile and green strategy for the preparation of porous chitosan-coated cellulose composite membranes for potential applications as wound dressing. Cellulose 23:1349–1361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cheng CX, Tian Y, Shi YQ, Tang RP, Xi F (2005a) Ordered honeycomb-structured films from dendronized PMA-b-PEO rod-coil block copolymers. Macromol Rapid Commun 26:1266–1272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cheng CX, Tian Y, Shi YQ, Tang RP, Xi F (2005b) Porous polymer films and honeycomb structures based on amphiphilic dendronized block copolymers. Langmuir 21:6576–6581CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Davis SA, Burkett SL, Mendelson NH, Mann S (1997) Bacterial templating of ordered macrostructures in silica and silica-surfactant mesophases. Nature 385:420–423CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. de Boer B, Stalmach U, Nijland H, Hadziioannou G (2000) Microporous honeycomb-structured films of semiconducting block copolymers and their use as patterned templates. Adv Mater 12:1581–1583CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Escalé P, Rubatat L, Billon L, Save M (2012) Recent advances in honeycomb-structured porous polymer films prepared via breath figures. Eur Polym J 48:1001–1025CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Francois B, Pitois O, Francois J (1995) Polymer films with a self-organized honeycomb morphology. Adv Mater 7:1041–1044CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gates B, Yin YD, Xia YN (1999) Fabrication and characterization of porous membranes with highly ordered three-dimensional periodic structures. Chem Mater 11:2827–2836CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hernández-Guerrero M, Stenzel MH (2012) Honeycomb structured polymer films via breath figures. Polym Chem 3:563–577CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hernández-Guerrero M, Davis TP, Barner-Kowollik C, Stenzel MH (2005) Polystyrene comb polymers built on cellulose or poly (styrene-co-2-hydroxyethylmethacrylate) backbones as substrates for the preparation of structured honeycomb films. Eur Polym J 41:2264–2277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hoa MLK, Lu MH, Zhang Y (2006) Preparation of porous materials with ordered hole structure. Adv Colloid Interface Sci 121:9–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Imhof A, Pine DJ (1997) Ordered macroporous materials by emulsion templating. Nature 389:948–951CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Jenekhe SA, Chen XL (1999) Self-assembly of ordered microporous materials from rod-coil block copolymers. Science 283:372–375CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kadla JF, Asfour FH, Bar-Nir B (2007) Micropatterned thin film honeycomb materials from regiospecifically modified cellulose. Biomacromol 8:161–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kang H, Liu W, He B, Shen D, Ma L, Huang Y (2006) Synthesis of amphiphilic ethyl cellulose grafting poly(acrylic acid) copolymers and their self-assembly morphologies in water. Polymer 47:7927–7934CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kang H, Liu R, Huang Y (2013) Cellulose derivatives and graft copolymers as blocks for functional materials. Polym Int 62:338–344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kasai W, Kondo T (2004) Fabrication of honeycomb-patterned cellulose films. Macromol Biosci 4:17–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Li J, Zhao Q-L, Chen J-Z, Li L, Huang J, Ma Z, Zhong Y-W (2010) Highly ordered microporous films containing a polyolefin segment fabricated by the breath-figure method using well-defined polymethylene-b-polystyrene copolymers. Polym Chem 1:164–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Liu W, Liu R, Li Y, Wang W, Ma L, Wu M, Huang Y (2009) Self-organized ordered microporous thin films from grafting copolymers. Polymer 50:2716–2726CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Liu WY, Chen Y, Liu YJ, Hao XH (2012) Effects of substrate, solvent, graft density and graft length on the formation of cellulose-based ordered porous film. Adv Mater Res 496:138–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Luan Y, Wu J, Zhan M, Zhang J, Zhang J, He J (2013) “One pot” homogeneous synthesis of thermoplastic cellulose acetate-graft-poly(l-lactide) copolymers from unmodified cellulose. Cellulose 20:327–337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Maruyama N et al (1998) Mesoscopic patterns of molecular aggregates on solid substrates. Thin Solid Films 329:854–856CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Meng T, Gao X, Zhang J, Yuan J, Zhang Y, He J (2009) Graft copolymers prepared by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) from cellulose. Polymer 50:447–454CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Munoz-Bonilla A, Fernandez-Garcia M, Rodriguez-Hernandez J (2014) Towards hierarchically ordered functional porous polymeric surfaces prepared by the breath figures approach. Prog Polym Sci 39:510–554CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Naka Y, Takayama H, Koyama T, Le KV, Sasaki T (2018) Molecular design for preparation of hexagonal-ordered porous films based on side-chain-type liquid-crystalline star polymer. Langmuir 34:6210–6216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Pitois O, Francois B (1999) Formation of ordered micro-porous membranes. Eur Phys J B 8:225–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Shen DW, Yu H, Huang Y (2005) Densely grafting copolymers of ethyl cellulose through atom transfer radical polymerization. J Polym Sci Part A Polym Chem 43:4099–4108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Shen D, Yu H, Huang Y (2006) Synthesis of graft copolymer of ethyl cellulose through living polymerization and its self-assembly. Cellulose 13:235–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Sheng J, Tong S, He Z, Yang R (2017) Recent developments of cellulose materials for lithium-ion battery separators. Cellulose 24:4103–4122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Song L, Bly RK, Wilson JN, Bakbak S, Park JO, Srinivasarao M, Bunz UHF (2004) Facile microstructuring of organic semiconducting polymers by the breath figure method: hexagonally ordered bubble arrays in rigid-rod polymers. Adv Mater 16:115–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Srinivasarao M, Collings D, Philips A, Patel S (2001) Three-dimensionally ordered array of air bubbles in a polymer film. Science 292:79–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Stenzel MH (2002) Formation of regular honeycomb-patterned porous film by self-organization. Aust J Chem 55:239–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Stenzel MH, Davis TP, Fane AG (2003) Honeycomb structured porous films prepared from carbohydrate based polymers synthesized via the RAFT process. J Mater Chem 13:2090–2097CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Stenzel MH, Barner-Kowollik C, Davis TP (2006) Formation of honeycomb-structured, porous films via breath figures with different polymer architectures. J Polym Sci Part A Polym Chem 44:2363–2375CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Stenzel-Rosenbaum MH, Davis TP, Fane AG, Chen V (2001) Porous polymer films and honeycomb structures made by the self-organization of well-defined macromolecular structures created by living radical polymerization techniques. Angew Chem Int Ed 40:3428–3432CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Sui X et al (2008) Synthesis of cellulose-graft-poly(N,N-dimethylamino-2-ethyl methacrylate) copolymers via homogeneous ATRP and their aggregates in aqueous media. Macromolecules 9:2615–2620Google Scholar
  41. Sun ZQ et al (2007) Three-dimensional colloidal crystal-assisted lithography for two-dimensional patterned arrays. Langmuir 23:10725–10731CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Tian Y, Jiao QZ, Ding HY, Shi YQ, Liu BQ (2006) The formation of honeycomb structure in polyphenylene oxide films. Polymer 47:3866–3873CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Wan L-S, Li J-W, Ke B-B, Xu Z-K (2011) Ordered microporous membranes templated by breath figures for size-selective separation. J Am Chem Soc 134:95–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Wang D, Tan J, Kang H, Ma L, Jin X, Liu R, Huang Y (2011) Synthesis, self-assembly and drug release behaviors of pH-responsive copolymers ethyl cellulose-graft-PDEAEMA through ATRP. Carbohydr Polym 84:195–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Widawski G, Rawiso M, Francois B (1994) Self-organized honeycomb morphology of star-polymer polystyrene films. Nature 369:387–389CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Wu B-H, Wu L-W, Gao K, Chen S-H, Xu Z-K, Wan L-S (2018) Self-assembly of patterned porous films from cyclic polystyrenes via the breath figure method. J Phys Chem C 122:3926–3933CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Xie Y, Liu Y, Wang Y, Wang S, Jiang T (2012) Chitosan matrix with three dimensionally ordered macroporous structure for nimodipine release. Carbohydr Polym 90:1648–1655CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Xu Y, Zhu BK, Xu YY (2005) A study on formation of regular honeycomb pattern in polysulfone film. Polymer 46:713–717CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Xu WZ, Zhang X, Kadla JF (2012) Design of functionalized cellulosic honeycomb films: site-specific biomolecule modification via “click chemistry”. Biomacromol 13:350–357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Xu WZ, Gao G, Kadla JF (2013) Synthesis of antibacterial cellulose materials using a “clickable” quaternary ammonium compound. Cellulose 20:1187–1199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Xu WZ, Bar-Nir BB-A, Kadla JF (2014) Honeycomb membranes prepared from 3-O-amino acid functionalized cellulose derivatives. Carbohydr Polym 100:126–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Yabu H, Kojima M, Tsubouchi M, Onoue S, Sugitani M, Shimomura M (2006) Fabrication of photo-cross linked honeycomb-patterned films. Colloids Surf A 284:254–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Zhang H, Wu J, Zhang J, He J (2005) 1-Allyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride room temperature ionic liquid: a new and powerful nonderivatizing solvent for cellulose. Macromolecules 38:8272–8277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Zhang A, Bai H, Li L (2015) Breath figure: a nature-inspired preparation method for ordered porous films. Chem Rev 115:9801–9868CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Zhang J, Wu J, Yu J, Zhang X, He J, Zhang J (2017) Application of ionic liquids for dissolving cellulose and fabricating cellulose-based materials: state of the art and future trends. Mater Chem Front 1:1273–1290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Zhu J, Dong X-T, Wang X-L, Wang Y-Z (2010) Preparation and properties of a novel biodegradable ethyl cellulose grafting copolymer with poly(p-dioxanone) side-chains. Carbohydr Polym 80:350–359CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Zhu L-W, Ou Y, Wan L-S, Xu Z-K (2014) Polystyrenes with hydrophilic end groups: synthesis, characterization, and effects on the self-assembly of breath figure arrays. J Phys Chem B 118:845–854CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wenyong Liu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  • Huanyu Zhong
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhihan Zhou
    • 1
    • 2
  • Junhua Shi
    • 1
    • 2
  • ChunTao Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yi Chen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yuehui He
    • 3
  • Yuejun Liu
    • 2
  • Guangsheng Zeng
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Hunan Key Laboratory of Biomass Fiber Functional Materials, Hunan Key Laboratory of Comprehensive Utilization of Agricultural and Animal Husbandry Waste Resources, Hunan International Scientific and Technological Innovation Cooperation Base of Biomass Fiber Materials and ApplicationHunan University of TechnologyZhuzhouChina
  2. 2.National and Local Joint Engineering Research Center of Advanced Packaging Materials Research and Development Technology, Hunan Key Laboratory of Advanced Packaging Materials and Technology, College of Packaging and Material EngineeringHunan University of TechnologyZhuzhouChina
  3. 3.Powder Metallurgy Research InstituteCentral South UniversityChangshaChina
  4. 4.Department of Polymer Materials and Engineering, College of Packaging and Material EngineeringHunan University of TechnologyZhuzhouChina

Personalised recommendations