, Volume 26, Issue 10, pp 6241–6258 | Cite as

Enhanced removal of prometryn using copper modified microcrystalline cellulose (Cu-MCC): optimization, isotherm, kinetics and regeneration studies

  • Zaharaddeen N. Garba
  • Weiming Zhou
  • Ibrahim Lawan
  • Mingxi Zhang
  • Zhanhui YuanEmail author
Original Research


In this work, we incorporated Cu2+ on to microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) powder by a simple synthesis method to produce a composite material (Cu-MCC) with its suitability in prometryn (Pr) adsorption tested from synthetic wastewater. Various characterization techniques were applied in studying the prepared Cu-MCC with response surface methodology applied in order to study the influence of adsorbent dosage, solution pH and shaking speed, which suggested a quadratic model for the response (Pr percentage removal). The optimum adsorption conditions obtained were adsorbent dosage of 0.40 g, solution pH of 11 and shaking speed of 215 rpm with the model adequacy and significance validated by ANOVA. Langmuir and pseudo-second order were the most appropriate models in describing the generated equilibrium and kinetic data, giving rise to a monolayer adsorption capacity value of 97.80 mg/g at room temperature. The desorption of Pr on Cu-MCC was also probed depicting the adsorption capacity to be about 66.7% of its initial value after six sequential adsorption–desorption cycles. Overall, the prepared Cu-MCC was revealed to have great potential for being a good adsorbent in the removal of water contaminants such as Pr, based on the obtained results.

Graphic abstract


Microcrystalline cellulose Prometryn Optimization Central composite design Herbicide Adsorption 



The authors would like to humbly acknowledge the international funding provided by Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University (KXB16001A) PR China.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflict of interest with regards to the submission and publication of this article.

Supplementary material

10570_2019_2531_MOESM1_ESM.docx (230 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 230 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zaharaddeen N. Garba
    • 1
    • 2
  • Weiming Zhou
    • 1
  • Ibrahim Lawan
    • 1
  • Mingxi Zhang
    • 1
  • Zhanhui Yuan
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Materials EngineeringFujian Agriculture and Forestry UniversityFuzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryAhmadu Bello UniversityZariaNigeria

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