, Volume 26, Issue 10, pp 6023–6034 | Cite as

Contribution of hemicellulose to cellulose nanofiber-based nanocomposite films with enhanced strength, flexibility and UV-blocking properties

  • Juan Yu
  • Yelin Zhu
  • Huazhong Ma
  • Liang Liu
  • Yanlei Hu
  • Junhua Xu
  • Zhiguo WangEmail author
  • Yimin FanEmail author
Original Research


Two representative hemicelluloses, xylan and konjac glucomannan (KGM), were composited with 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl radical-oxidized cellulose nanofibers (CNF), endowing the CNF-based nanocomposite films with enhanced strength, flexibility and UV blocking properties. Particularly, xylan and KGM were separately or simultaneously mixed with a CNF dispersion to obtain three kinds of CNF-based nanocomposite films: CNF-Xylan (CNF-X), CNF-KGM (CNF-K), and CNF-Xylan-KGM (CNF-XK). The compositing of KGM increased both the tensile stress and strain of the resulted film (tensile strength of 136 MPa for CNF-K at 10 wt% KGM with a strain of 6%, compared to a tensile strength of 106 MPa for the pure CNF film with a strain of approximately 1%). The improved strength and flexibility of the CNF-based nanocomposite films are attributed to the good permeation of KGM in CNF and the formation of intermolecular hydrogen bonds between KGM and CNF. On the other hand, due to the compositing of xylan, the CNF-based nanocomposite films CNF-X and CNF-XK showed good optical properties and interesting UV-blocking properties. In addition, CNF-based nanocomposite films showed lower water absorption capacity than pure CNF films. These results indicate the great potential of hemicellulose in the development of CNF-based films with enhanced unique performance.


Cellulose nanofibers Hemicellulose Nanocomposite films Strength Flexibility UV-blocking 



We are grateful for the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (BK20170924), the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 31870565), and the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD). The authors gratefully acknowledge the Advanced Analysis and Testing Center of Nanjing Forestry University.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Forestry Genetics and Biotechnology of Ministry of Education, Jiangsu Co-Innovation Center of Efficient Processing and Utilization of Forest Resources, Jiangsu Province Key Laboratory of Green Biomass-based Fuels and Chemicals, College of Chemical Engineering, College of Light Industry and Food EngineeringNanjing Forestry UniversityNanjingChina

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