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Cellulose

, Volume 26, Issue 10, pp 6061–6071 | Cite as

UV resistance of bast fibers

  • Xuerong Bi
  • Wei Zhang
  • Chongwen Yu
  • Jianping YangEmail author
Original Research
  • 35 Downloads

Abstract

Ramie, flax, hemp, kenaf and Apocynum venetum (A. venetum) are all natural bast fibers which are composed of different content of cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin and other gum. The inherent functionality of these bast fibers is worth studying. In this study, cotton and polyester (PET) fibers were chosen as the control, UV protection and antiphotoaging ability of these bast fibers were all tested and analyzed. Results showed that hemp, kenaf and A. venetum composite films (CFs), which had high ability of UV absorbance, possessed higher Ultraviolet Protection Factor value of 180.48, 85.35 and 82.97 respectively, much higher than that of ramie, flax CFs and the control samples. PET fibers revealed the strongest antiphotoaging ability of all with a 76% retention of initial strength after photoaging for 48 h. The semi-degummed fibers, such as flax, kenaf and hemp fibers had more gum residues and stronger UV absorption of extracted solution, and could reserve 67, 69 and 56% of their initial strength after accelerated photoaging for 48 h, respectively. These semi-degummed bast fibers showed better antiphotoaging ability than that of the completed degummed fibers such as ramie and A. venetum.

Keywords

Bast fibers UV protection Antiphotoaging UV–vis spectrophotometer 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge the financial support from the earmarked fund for China Agriculture Research System for Bast and Leaf Fiber Crops: CARS-16.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xuerong Bi
    • 1
  • Wei Zhang
    • 2
  • Chongwen Yu
    • 1
    • 4
  • Jianping Yang
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.College of TextilesDonghua UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Shanghai Garment Research Institute Co., LtdShanghaiChina
  3. 3.College of InformationDonghua UniversityShanghaiChina
  4. 4.Key Laboratory of Textile Science and Technology, Ministry of EducationDonghua UniversityShanghaiChina

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